At a cost of 2.49 million dollars, India and the Maldives signed five memorandums of understanding to develop the Addu Tourism Zone in five islands in the Addu atoll. A sixth memorandum of understanding was signed to establish a bottled water facility in Hoarafushi. Addu Atoll, commonly known as Seenu Atoll, is the Maldives’ southernmost atoll.
Addu City, one of the Maldives’ two cities, is administratively located in Addu Atoll. The inhabited sections include Hulhudhoo, Meedhoo, Maradhoo, Feydhoo, and Hithadhoo, as well as the natural islands of Hulhudhoo, Meedhoo, Maradhoo, Feydhoo, and Hithadhoo.
The Maldives are extended into the Southern Hemisphere by Addu Atoll and Fuvahmulah.
In this article, we have covered everything you must know about the Addu Atoll UPSC topic.
Addu Atoll UPSC Topic – What is It?
Addu Atoll, commonly known as Seenu Atoll, is the Maldives’ southernmost atoll. The Maldives are extended into the Southern Hemisphere by Addu Atoll and Fuvahmulah, which is 40 kilometres north of Addu Atoll. Malé, the country’s capital, lies 540 kilometres south of Addu Atoll. Addu City, one of the Maldives’ three cities, is administratively located in Addu Atoll. The inhabited sections of Addu Atoll include Hulhudhoo, Meedhoo, Maradhoo, Feydhoo, and Hithadhoo, as well as the natural islands of Hulhudhoo, Meedhoo, Maradhoo, Feydhoo, and Hithadhoo. Addu City’s districts are not divided by the natural islands that make up the city. In addition to the territories that make up Addu City, the Atoll of Addu has a number of additional populated and deserted islands, notably Gan Island, which is home to Gan International Airport.
Geography of Addu Atoll – Important for UPSC
Addu Atoll, unlike other Maldivian atolls, features a lagoon that serves as a natural harbour and is accessible by four natural channels. This creates a natural port that is always tranquil and safe for marine boats, and is unaffected by seasonal variations. The Kuda channel and the neighbouring Maa channel are on the north, the Gan channel is on the south, and the vast Villingili canal is on the southeast of the atoll.
Barrier reefs defend the islands from the Indian Ocean’s storms and heavy seas. On the islands, coconut palms, the national tree, may grow practically everywhere. It is known for its tiny lakes, marshes, and swampy taro farms.
History of Addu Atoll – Important for UPSC
During WWII, it was home to a secret Royal Navy facility known as HMS Haitan, which took advantage of the deep anchorage and protected natural harbour. Oil tanks and storage facilities, as well as an airfield and a flying boat station, were developed on Gan Island. Throughout the early years of the conflict, the Axis had no knowledge of the facility. After being handed to the Royal Air Force as RAF Gan in 1957, the facility was decommissioned in 1975. Gan International Airport is presently located on the island.
Biology of Addu Atoll – Important for UPSC
The cosmopolitan white tern (“dhondheeni”) is exclusively found on Addu Atoll in the Maldives and is considered an emblem of the islands. It is also home to a diverse whale and dolphin population. There is a wide variety of species found there. The only part of the Maldives not damaged by the worldwide coral bleaching in 1998 is Addu Atoll. The southern Maldives were spared by El Nio’s “too warm” main ocean currents. The corals begin at the tops of giris and thilas (approximately 1 metre [3 ft] below the surface) and descend with the reef to a depth of 30 metres (98 ft) or more.
# Bodu Hajara
# Gan (Location of Gan International Airport)
# Heré-théré (Location of Canareef Island Resort)
# Kandu Huraa
# Koahera Kuda
The dialect spoken is known as “Addu bas,” and though it is close to Fuvahmulah’s “Mulaku bas,” it is distinct from the official version of the Dhivehi language. Addu bas was formerly extensively spoken by the educated masses of three separate atolls in the south, who embraced it as their common tongue. It is also said to be the most well-known and widely spoken dialect in the Republic of Maldives. Nevertheless, when Addu proclaimed independence and established the United Suvadive Republic, official communications was written in Malé rather than Addu bas. Despite the linguistic differences, the written form is widely used across the Maldives.
Long ago, Addu City was dominated by families nominated by the sultans in Malé, and it may have had a matrilineal succession structure; nowadays, it is very much a man’s world. There was a time in Addu history when the status quo shifted for a time, when the community became more matriarchal and females became the breadwinners.
Why Addu Atoll is Trending?
On the 5 islands of the Addu Atoll in the Maldives, India and the Maldives signed five memorandums of understanding (MoUs) to establish the Addu tourism zone.
# Addu is one of the Maldives’ 26 coral atolls’ most picturesque spots. It is made up of over a hundred of the Maldives’ 1192 islands.
# Addu Atoll, commonly known as Seenu Atoll, is the Maldives’ southernmost atoll.
# Addu City, one of the Maldives’ two cities, is located on Addu Atoll. The inhabited sections of Addu Atoll include Hulhudhoo, Meedhoo, Maradhoo, Feydhoo, and Hithadhoo, as well as the natural islands of Hulhudhoo, Meedhoo, Maradhoo, Feydhoo, and Hithadhoo.
# The Maldives are extended into the Southern Hemisphere by Addu Atoll and Fuvahmulah. Approximately 10% of Maldivians live here, each with its own culture and accent.
# According to official numbers given by Maldives Tourism, Indian residents rank second among visitors from around the world to the Maldives.
UPSC Preparation Tips
Please keep in mind that the UPSC Civil Service Exam (CSE) requires 21 years of age and a bachelor’s degree in any discipline. It’s also worth noting that final-year students are eligible to apply for the IAS Prelims. Many applicants lose out on this early chance and arrive late to the UPSC Civil Service Exam preparation sector. The problem is that the average age of applicants that make it into the main UPSC CSE rank list is 28 years.
Prioritize the Time
Those who prepare concurrently for UPSC CSE while in college would have time restrictions, unlike many other candidates who may devote a full year to UPSC preparation. As a result, your capacity to prioritise is quite crucial. Do only what is absolutely necessary.
UPSC Preparation Books
Purchase the most essential books for UPSC CSE preparation once you’ve chosen IAS or IPS as your career objective.
# NCERT Books
# Politics by Laxmikanth
# Economics by Ramesh Singh
# History by Bipan Chandra
Take Mock Tests
You should not be concerned about your grade, but rather use mock tests as a learning opportunity. Mock exams assist you in comprehending not just the UPSC question pattern, but also tough ideas. If you’re lucky, a mock exam series can provide you with a large number of direct and indirect questions.
Read Newspapers and Magazines
Regardless of time restrictions, don’t skimp on your newspaper reading. It’s not so dull once you get into the groove, believe us! For quality content, we recommend The Hindu or The Indian Express. Make editorials and op-ed pieces a priority.
In terms of periodicals, EPW is an excellent place to look for up-to-date information. For clarity, the terms Yojana and Kurukshetra are used in government plans and projects.
Write a Lot
The pace with which you write is highly crucial in UPSC CSE Mains. When compared to working adults, aspirants fresh out of college would have a significant edge because they are still familiar with pen and paper. Make the most of this opportunity.
Here are some pointers to help you improve your writing: Engage in your college’s writing competitions.
With the advent of new materials and question formats from UPSC, IAS preparation tactics are always evolving. You can find a list of motivational stories of IAS, IPS and IFS officers here. This will help you get the motivation so that you can work harder and smarter than before.
Enrol in a course of UPSC Pathshala and be the next one to top the UPSC exam.