The UPSC candidates are required to be aware and well informed about current affairs, news, and happenings. Well, the current situation is about article 142 UPSC of the constitution. Do you want to know about it in detail? If yes, you can go ahead and read this article till the end.

You can fetch the details about the importance and meaning of this article along with the need for this article in the current era. The issues related to the article are also given here.

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What is Article 142?

Article 142 is currently in the news. You must be aware of the news related to the article. Being a candidate for UPSC CSE, you should be completely aware of the facts and statistics. Article 142 provides discretionary power to the Supreme Court because it states that the Supreme Court within the exercise of its jurisdiction might pass such a decree or create an order. This is because it is significant for doing complete justice in any cause or matter that is unfinished.

Tamil Nadu Council of Ministers’ recommendation in 2018 to pardon Perarivalan was binding on the Governor under Article 161 (Governor’s power of clemency) of the Constitution. The Governor’s reluctance to require an appeal of the pardon plea has compelled the court to use its constitutional powers below Article 142 to try and do justice to Perarivalan.

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Article 142 UPSC

If you have understood the meaning and powers of article 142, it’s time for you to get other important current information. The Supreme Court used Article 142 of the Constitution that grants it extraordinary powers to try and do complete justice, to unharness Perarivalan.

The court unemployed the Center’s argument that the President completely, and not the Governor, could grant pardon during a case below Section 302 (murder) of the Indian legal code, speech this rivalry would render Article 161 a “dead-letter” and build a rare scenario whereby pardons granted by Governors in murder cases for the past seventy years would be rendered invalid.

Recently, the Supreme Court has invoked its extraordinary powers to try and do complete justice below Article 142 of the Constitution and ordered the discharge of A.G. Perarivalan. This is asked in the case of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi’s assassination.

The court protected ideology by holding that States could assist and recommend the Governor just in case of pleas of pardon below Article 161 created by convicts in murder cases.

Article 161 provides that the Governor of a State shall have the ability to grant pardons, reprieves, respites, or remissions of social control or to suspend, remit or commute the sentence of someone guilty of any offence against any law concerning a certain that the chief power of the State extends. Therefore, keep an eye on the updates and details of the examination and current affairs. It will not only benefit you in your examination but also will give you great opportunities to serve the country well.

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Hopefully, this article has provided you with the best potential information related to article 142. It is important for the UPSC candidates because of its recent issues. You should get the summary of the article so that you are aware of the current happenings and can answer well in the UPSC exam.

Visit the UPSC Pathshala website to gather more information related to other UPSC notes and current happenings in India as well as international things. You can get guidance about the examination from the experts and professionals on the website.

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About the Author


Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

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