The Colombo Security Conclave (CSC) was formed in 2011 as a trilateral maritime security organization comprised of India, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives. In this post, you may learn everything there is to know about the Colombo Security Conclave, including how it works, who its members are, what it means for the UPSC exam, and so on. In this article, you will find all the Colombo Security Conclave UPSC notes.

Colombo Security Conclave UPSC Notes

The Colombo Security Conclave was established in 2011 as a trilateral Indian Ocean maritime security grouping comprising India, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives.

It was resurrected in 2021, and the Conclave’s membership and scope have since grown.

CSC now includes:



Sri Lanka







To provide a forum for greater maritime security cooperation and to address concerns such as human smuggling, narco-trafficking, piracy, terrorism, and extremism.

Pillars of Cooperation

Initially, the conference listed four areas of collaboration.

The most recent conclave (2022) added “humanitarian aid and disaster relief” as the 5th area of collaboration.

Colombo Security Conclave Significance

In the framework of the present geopolitical environment, the conclave that stresses military and security partnership develops relevance in the area.

Maritime security: The Colloquium performs “CSC Focused Operations,” which play an important role in maintaining the Indian Ocean safe and protected for commercial ships, international trade, and lawful maritime operations.

Exchange of information: It contributes to the region’s current harmony by exchanging information on a timely basis.

Cooperation between agencies: The colloquium will help security agencies improve their knowledge and interoperability.

Cybersecurity: The collaboration aids in solving critical difficulties such as Digital Forensics, Deep Web, Cyber Threat Intelligence, Dark Net, and Defensive Operations in the Cyber Domain.

Tackling environmental hazards: Recent accidents, such as those involving the MT New Diamond, MV Xpress Pearl, and MV Wakashio, have resulted in widespread marine contamination in the Indian Ocean. The conclave is likewise concerned about this issue.

Also Read: mRNA Vaccine UPSC: Check Out the Information for the UPSC Notes and Excel the UPSC CSE!

Colombo Security Conclave and India

Because India has a lengthy coastline and key islands, maritime security is a top issue for the government.

Closer collaboration among regional partners will support India’s efforts to guarantee regional security and stability.

Members of the grouping, such as the Maldives, have strengthened their contacts with the QUAD, which is another significant security organization to which India belongs.

This will assist India in expanding its influence in the area.

The “minilateral” conclave is primarily pushed by India and is viewed as an extension of India’s approach to the Indian Ocean in order to highlight regional collaboration and shared security interests.

Through CSC, India may limit China’s expanding regional dominance and diminish Chinese influence on member nations.

The alliance also aligns with India’s goal of

“SAGAR: Security and Growth for All in the Region.”

Each of the signatory and observer nations has strong bilateral links with India, and the grouping will help to strengthen regional cohesion and partnership.

Through CSC, India may limit China’s expanding regional dominance and diminish Chinese influence on member nations.

Way Forward

India should seek to expand its soft power in the Indian Ocean area by implementing measures that aid in the overall growth of the region’s countries.

In recent years, India has provided assistance to nations such as Mauritius and Seychelles.

Because the gathering has great potential and scope, India should try to extend it by encouraging other nations in the area, particularly African countries, to join the conclave.

India must also engage with the member nations to strengthen the conclave’s capacity by sharing technology, expanding training centres, contributing equipment, and modernizing coastal security stations.

Also Read: Russia Ukraine Conflict UPSC: Key Notes for Your Upcoming UPSC Exam

More UPSC Current Affairs Topics

Current affairs of regional and global significance serve as a guidepost for IAS preparation. It serves as the focal point for UPSC IAS study, and current affairs from the past 100 days are crucial for the UPSC exam. Here is a list of topics that you can study to be prepared for any kind of questions:

# Recovery of Indian Economy

# New Agriculture Laws

# New National Education Policy

# Digital Education Report

# Stages of Vaccine Development

# ASEEM Platform

# Postal Ballet in India

# Net Zero Carbon Emission – Meaning

# 5G technology – Beam formation, Mass MIMO

# Working of ICMR

# Drug testing regulation in India

# String of Pearls theory and India’s counter

# Sea Lines of Communication in the Indian Ocean

# One Belt One Road (OBOR) Policy and India’s Counter

# Cyclone Nisarga affected areas

# Fabric required for PPE kit

# What percentage of oxygen is required for the normal functioning of the brain?

# Shifting of Earth’s Geo-Magnetic field and its impact

# Indo-Nepal & Indo-China Border distpute

# Virus and Bacteria borne diseases differences

# Outbreak-Epidemic-Pandemic

# CORONA Test Techniques – Viral vs Antibody Test

# Recent NAM and SCO Summit

# Recent Dhaula-Vira Discoveries

# Coronavirus Pandemic

# China – Wuhan

# Facts related to the Citizenship Amendment Act

# The Jammu & Kashmir, Leh and Ladakh formation

# Sir Creek dispute

# Uttarakhand Summer Capital

# Environment Summits 2019-2020

Best UPSC Current Affairs Books for 2020

To get better in UPSC current affairs, you can pick up some of these books or magazines:

# Manorama Yearbook

# Mathrubhumi Yearbook

# Current Affairs For IAS (PRE) – S A Majid

# Concise General Knowledge Manual – Barry O’Brien

# India Yearbook – Publication Division (GOI)

# Yojana Magazine

# Kurukshetra Magazine

# Economic Survey

# Pratiyogita Darpan Magazine

# Concise General Knowledge Manual – J K Chopra

# Current Affairs & News In Focus Objective Questions – Kiran Prakashan

You do not have to read all of these books. Choose one current events book to supplement your daily newspaper reading, as well as Yojana or Kurukshetra and any other appropriate magazine. This should be sufficient for your current affairs study for the IAS prelims test.


Current Affairs is one of the most essential components of the UPSC exam, particularly the prelims. Many questions are explicitly posed in response to current events and developments that have political, economic, and social repercussions for the country. Aspirants are constantly on the lookout for the greatest site to read current events or the finest current affairs book for UPSC preparation.

If you are an IAS applicant, you must keep up with current events because your success in the test is dependent on your understanding of them. Furthermore, even questions from ‘static’ areas like history and economics are answered in light of current events.

For more topics like this, visit UPSC Pathshala.

Also Read: Cold War UPSC: Important Events, Reasons, Truman’s Doctrine, Iron Curtain & Much More

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Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

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