The UPSC Mains GS-II is one of the 9 subjective papers in the CSE’s second stage. The UPSC CSE is held over a five-day period. The first 2 papers of the IAS Exam, English and the mandatory Indian language, are qualifying. To be qualified for merit ranking given the content of the UPSC Mains tests and the interview, candidates must score at least 25% in these two.

Earn While You Learn Scheme UPSC Notes

The Earn while you learn scheme was launched by the Ministry of Tourism which aims to inculcate proper tourism travel attributes and knowledge in trainees so that they can work as ‘student volunteers’. The salient features of the earn while you learn scheme are:

# The training course will be open to college students taking graduate courses or graduates between the ages of 18 and 25.

# A transparent approach is used to choose the candidates.

# Each program will take 21 working days to complete.

# The Ministry of Tourism or implementing Institutes formalises the course material in conjunction with stakeholders.

A total of 3806 applicants have been trained as part of the Earn while you learn scheme so far. Dr. K. Chiranjeevi, the Union Minister for Tourism, provided this information in a written response to the Lok Sabha.

Also Read: Anti Dumping Duty UPSC: Get All The Important Notes on This Topic Here

Benefits of Earn While You Learn Scheme

Officials from the Kerala State Higher Education Council, which proposed the recommendations in Earn while you learn scheme, said the effort might have several benefits beyond providing beneficiaries with employable skills. It is expected to go a great way toward assisting folks from economically disadvantaged areas.

According to sources, it might benefit around 3.28 lakh students from 229 government and assisted arts and science institutions connected with Kerala, Calicut, Mahatma Gandhi, and Kannur universities, as well as almost 51,000 students from 179 engineering institutes.

The council has proposed that career-oriented additional courses be designed and that job experience be recognised as part of academic assessment. It has also proposed initiatives to strengthen industry-university collaboration.

UPSC GS 2 Paper 2021 Syllabus

Below you will find the detailed syllabus of the UPSC CSE GS 2 Paper.

UPSC GS 2 Topic UPSC GS 2 Sub-topics
Indian Constitution

Historical underpinnings of the constitution

Evolution of the Constitution

Salient features

Basic structure


Significant provisions

Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the states

Issues and challenges related to the Federal Structure

Devolution of powers and finances up to local government level

Challenges in the devolution of power

Separation of powers between various organs of the government

Dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions

Comparison of India’s constitutional scheme with other countries

Governance & Polity

Parliament and State Legislatures



Conduct of Business

Powers & Privileges

Issues arising out of Powers & Privileges of legislative bodies

Executive and Judiciary




Ministries and departments of the government

Pressure groups

Formal & Informal associations and their role in the polity

Salient features of the People’s Representation Act


Appointment to various constitutional posts

Powers, functions and responsibilities of various constitutional bodies

Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

Government policies and interventions for the development of various sectors

Issues arising out of design and implementation of government intervention

Development processes and the development of industry

The role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability





limitations and potential

citizens charters

transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Role of Civil Services in a Democracy

Social Justice

Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by centre and states

The performance of welfare schemes

Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of vulnerable sections of the population

Issues related to the development and management of the social sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

Issues related to poverty and hunger

International Relations

India and its neighbourhood

Relations between India and neighbouring countries

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s Interests

Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests

Indian diaspora

Important International institutions, agencies and fora




The UPSC CSE Mains GS 2 paper can be a complicated one to tackle but with the right approach and a lot of preparation time, you can score well in this section. Make sure to read about a new topic everyday and note down the key points for further revision.

We hope you found the article informative. If you want more topics for the UPSC exam, you can visit the blog section of UPSC Pathshala.

Also Read: Election Law Amendment Bill 2021 UPSC: Note Down All the Key Points for UPSC Preparation

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About the Author

Madhurjya Chowdhury

Madhurjya Chowdhury, a web content writer in Ufaber EduTech has a very strong passion for writing and alluring the readers. You can find him writing articles for the betterment of exam aspirants and children. With immense interest in research-based content writing and copywriting, he likes to reach out to more and more people with his creative writing style. On the other side, he is an Electronics and Communication Engineer from LPU, Jalandhar. In his leisure time, he likes to play badminton or read about space discoveries. Apart from this, he is a pro gamer on PC, PS and Mobile gaming platforms.

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