The UPSC exam is the dream and passion for the candidates preparing for it. The aspirants put their best efforts to fetch the maximum information and facts related to the significant topics. Well, here is a great opportunity for you as this article has complete information related to the Geneva convention UPSC. So, let’s fetch all the facts and protocols of this convention for the UPSC preparation.

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Geneva Convention Origin

Since the past, rules of war varied from civilization to civilization, like the Babylonians were exemplary in their conduct whereas the Roman Empire and also the Mongols didn’t shrink back from decreasing whole cities or their entire populations to ash. This was the norm when Durant Henry arrived on the scene.

Henry Durant was a businessperson from Geneva who wanted an audience with Napoleon II, a kinsman of Napoleon Emperor, relating to the acquisition of land for a business venture. He did get land in the northern Italian Republic however he conjointly bore witness to the aftermath of the bloody Battle of Solferino, one in all several fought throughout the Unification of the Italian Republic.

This prompted him to jot down an account of what he had witnessed whereas proposing an answer to mitigate a number of the violence of war – the training of a volunteer group that might offer help to those plagued by war, civilian and soldier alike.

So an early sort of the red cross was shaped to explore Durant’s suggestion. In October 1863, delegates from sixteen nations came to Geneva and mentioned the terms of humanitarian treatment throughout the war. The result was a written agreement signed by twelve nations and became referred to as the primary convention.

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Geneva Convention UPSC

Another convention was drawn up by the Swiss government to review and build any enhancements to the primary convention. The amendments made in the Geneva convention included protection for wounded or captured prisoners of war along with the prevention for the medical personnel treating, evacuating, and removing the dead and wounded.

Following the end of the war, I in 1919 determined that the amendments created in 1906 weren’t enough for humanitarian conduct in times of war and more updates were created in 1929 to confirm a civilized treatment to the prisoners of war.

The new amendments introduced rules regarding the daily lives of prisoners and led to the establishment of the red cross as the main neutral organization which is able to ensure the collection and transmission of knowledge relating to the death and wounding of combatants. Moreover, further amendments were made in the convention in 1949.

According to the amendments, no male or female should be tortured and when they are captured, they are only required to give the necessary details including name, rank, birth date, and serial number. Also, they will not be discriminated against and should be offered adequate food, they can respond to their families, and the Red Cross will examine their sustainability conditions whenever they want.

UPSC Notes

The protocols of the Geneva convention UPSC are given below. Go through them for your UPSC preparation.

In 1977, Protocols I and II were superimposed to the Conventions of 1949. Protocol I inflated protections for civilians, military workers, and journalists throughout international armed conflicts. It is also illegal the utilization of “weapons that cause superfluous injury or uncalled-for suffering,” or cause “widespread, long-run and severe harm to the natural setting.”

According to the International Committee of the Red Cross, Protocol II was established as a result of most victims of armed conflicts since the 1949 Convention were victims of vicious civil wars.

In addition, youngsters ought to be cared for and educated, and also the following is prohibited:

#. Taking hostages

#. Terrorism

#. Pillage

#. Slavery

#. Group penalization

#. Humiliating or degrading treatment

Over a hundred ninety states follow the Geneva Conventions due to the idea that some battleground behaviours are so heinous and damaging, they damage the complete international community. The principles facilitate drawing a line—as is feasible at intervals in the context of wars and armed conflicts—between the humane treatment of soldiers, medical employees, and civilians and unrestrained brutality against them.

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An aspirant must be aware of everything going on in the country as well as the world so that he/she can answer all the questions asked by the examiners. Moreover, the candidates must be aware of the information because he/she will need to administer the nation after getting selected and an officer without the knowledge or lack of information will not be able to manage and administer perfectly.

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Shruti Rag

Shruti is a creative and enthusiastic content writer along with being a budding journalist. She is a genuine-hearted and exploring girl with a dash of millennial approach. Her love for speaking and writing has made her pursue her bachelor's in journalism and mass communication. She believes in the quote, "if you will never fail in life, you will never rise like a phoenix from its ashes''. She gives strengthening and positive paths to the students by her content. Her interest lies in reading, traveling, and singing. Innovations and realism let you discover your identity. She has faith in wisdom and determination to touch the skies.

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