In this article, we will be tackling the issue of how to improve analytical skills for UPSC. We have broadly categorized this article into two parts:

  • From the learning perspective.
  • From the writing perspective.

Before we begin, it is crucial for you to understand the need for this article.

Why Improved Analytical Skills Is Important In UPSC

  • The UPSC is just as much a test of your knowledge as it is of your problem-solving skills.
  • In-depth knowledge and comprehensive writing skills go hand in hand for your exam.
  • You can only write about what you know, and knowing everything is futile if you cannot deliver it analytically on paper.
  • In fact, it wouldn’t be wrong to say that your writing skills must surpass your knowledge, as the Mains stage is compulsorily writing-oriented.
  • In recent years, UPSC has shifted focus from ‘static’ to ‘dynamic’ questions. This means that you will be asked more indirect questions that will force you to think deeper thus requiring improved critical thinking skills.

Why is it Important to Develop Your Analytical Skill?

  • Thinking deeper requires strong analytical skills along with a sound knowledge base.
  • The reason why UPSC will throw bouncers at you is not that they enjoy seeing you numb your nerves, but because this examination is a test of your competency and cognitive abilities as a future civil services officer.
  • When you are an officer in the future, you will find yourself in the midst of twisted scenarios every day. It is your critical thinking skills that will help you in those times to correctly identify and solve problems effectively.

Tips to Develop Your Analytical Skills for UPSC

From The Perspective of Learning

To think analytically and to write great problem-solving solutions requires all-round knowledge on the subject. So, expanding your knowledge is very important.

Your first goal is to learn well and learn through.

1. Build A Strong Foundation

You must have a sound basic knowledge of concepts. UPSC is not your average exam where you can throw any relatable information at the examiner. Your answers must hit the target.

For this, you must read well to understand the basics well.


While reading materials on gender inequality, you must go beyond the definition, and explore the history, reasons, types, examples and corrective measures for it.

2. Build Base, And Build It Up Further

Good work on cementing a strong base! The next step is to build up your structure around a strong outline. This means that you have to dissect important topics further.

Every time you come across a topic, break it down into the following:

  • Who
  • What
  • When
  • Why
  • How

Once you have the answers to all these, you know you have learnt well. You must learn to connect the dots. This means that your mind must be able to effectively connect relatable associations (think of all possible angles)  to your topic.


A news article reads “ discontent among party members over their president’s decision.”

You must research and infer on what the decision was, why was it taken, who all were affected, why were they affected, what circumstances brought forward the decision, what could be the effects of the decision on major stakeholders, etc.

3. Study the Editorials of The Hindu

The editorial page is the most important page of this newspaper. You must read it with a fresh, open and curious mind every day.

You will gather much-needed insight from them regarding the biggest issues plaguing the nation at the time. Their writing style will also help you frame your answers better.

4. Trade Silly Arcade Games With Smart Brain Training Games

In your free time, play brain games like Sudoku, board games, crossword puzzles, riddle solving, etc. These games are the best kick for your analytical bent of mind.

These games will acquaint you with the spending habits of conceptualizing, solving complex problems, payING attention to detail, analyzing and diagnosing tricky situations to get to the right answer.

5. Increase Your Inquisitiveness

To get to the crux of the matter, you need to have a curious mind! Boost your inquisitiveness by staying constantly curious. Ask yourself questions, maybe one, two, three or as many as you want that will help you gain a 360-degree understanding of your subject.


If employment in the primary sector is decreasing, as yourself:

Why are the farmers walking away? Where are they employed now? What was their remuneration? How will they find work? What can be done to stop this? Is this situation desirable?

Now that you know how to learn efficiently, let us move on to the final step of the preparation.

Also Read : How to Read The Newspaper for UPSC? Which Newspaper is Best for UPSC?

From The Perspective Of Writing

The two prime factors in writing are

  • Acuity
  • Style

You must practice writing accurate answers that are concisely worded into well-composed sentences.

Style is much more subjective and you must develop your own with these few tips:

State Your Stand At The Earliest

It is not a great idea to leave your examiner guessing your viewpoint. State your stand in the first two lines of your answer, and stick to it throughout.  Give enough evidence to support your stand.

Follow A Feasible Structure Of Paragraphs

Once you know your stand and have mentally mapped out the outline, you must pen it down in the specific order of most important to the least.

Use A Uniform Pattern Of Paragraphs

Try to maintain a uniform tone all throughout your answer. You must stick to one pattern of writing headings.  Do not rephrase and repeat information under different headings. Couple similar information together and present them under one heading as per importance.

Sum It Up Well

A great summary tells the examiner that you have not lost your train of thought. It must not be abrupt and should lucidly connect to your previous paragraph.


Analytical thinking is a skill. You must hone it every day. With proper practice and dedicated time, you can improve your analytical skills for your UPSC exams right in time! You can also join various online courses for enhancing your skills.

Good luck!


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How to Improve Analytical Skills for the UPSC Exam? Guide to Better Critical Thinking Skills
Why is it important to improve your analytical skills? How to enhance your critical thinking skills? How to pay attention to detail? Read on to get all your answers.
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About the Author

Greeta Sulochana

Greeta Sulochana is a content evangelist with a flair for compelling creative writing. She has penned down her thoughts in poetry and prose since the past five years, and has catered her skills to the Indian and international audiences. She started out as an advertising intern with Grey worldwide, and is now a full-fledged writer in passion and profession, who has worked for major national brands.

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