The Two-State Solution to the Israeli-Palestine conflict for the Israeli–Palestinian clash imagines an autonomous State of Palestine close by the State of Israel, west of the Jordan River. The limit between the two states is as yet liable to debate and exchange, with Palestinian and Arab authority demanding the “1967 lines”, which isn’t acknowledged by Israel. The region of the previous Mandate Palestine (counting Jerusalem) which didn’t shape a piece of the Palestinian State would keep on being important for Israel.

Palestine has recently rejected the US-Bahrain that led the “peace to prosperity” economic workshop on the grounds that it says nothing about the ending of the Israeli occupation.

But why is this Israel-Palestine conflict happening in our world and what is the reason behind all of this and why did it all start?

Don’t worry, we’ll help you to know each and everything about the same. Let’s just quickly dive into some more data collected here to know about this in detail.

Palestine Issue – Facts to Know for UPSC

The seeds of the Israel-Palestine conflict were laid in the year 1917 when the then British Foreign Secretary Mr Arthur James Balfour came forward and expressed his support for the nation of Britain for a Jewish “national home” in Palestine under the Balfour Declaration.

The state of Israel was established in the year 1948 and with the establishment of this state began the history of the long going journey of the Israel-Palestine never-ending conflicts. The conflict came from the intercommunal brutality in Mandatory Palestine among Israelis and Arabs from 1920 and ejected into full-scale threats in the 1947–48 common conflict. The contention proceeds to the current day on different levels.

Now, let’s move forward to know a little about the OSLO accords and gather some important information about them.

OSLO Accords – Facts to Know for UPSC

OSLO Accords are a series of agreements between Israel and the Palestinians that were signed together in the year 1990. OSLO I was officially founded in the year 1993 and is today formally known as the Declaration of Principles, i.e., the DOP. This pact helped the individuals in establishing a timetable for the Middle East Peace Process and to carry it successfully in the nation in order to help individuals create a safe place for themselves and their loved ones. It planned for an interim Palestinian government in Gaza and Jericho in the West Bank.

Further, OSLO II was also established in the nation which was founded in the year 1995, i.e., two years after the first OSLO Accord was founded in the nation. This OSLO accord came to be known as the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza, expanded on OSLO I.


#1. It included several provisions for the complete withdrawal of the Israeli troops from the six West Bank Cities and about the 450 towns that were there in the nation.

#2. Furthermore, it also helped in setting a timetable for the elections for the Palestinian Legislative Council.

#3. This interim was only supposed to last for a period of 5 long years with a permanent agreement that was finalised but later it had tacitly been rolled out for more than two decades.

Israel Palestine Conflict – Facts to Know for UPSC

The Israel-Palestine conflict is one of the world’s longest-running and most controversial conflicts in the world right now. It had been continuing since the year 1948, i.e., when the state of Israel was first founded in the nation. For a period of about 73 years, it had been going on in the world continuously and had been the longest blood-shedding event in the world, with almost a million lives lost till now.

Many innocent children and adults have lost their lives in these blood-shed riots that have been going on in the world for almost 73 years now. The violent and vicious showdowns among Palestinians and Israeli security powers at Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem have swelled into an equipped clash between Hamas, a Palestinian aggressor association situated in Gaza, and Israel.

OSLO Peace Accords

The Oslo Accords are a couple of arrangements between the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO): the Oslo I Accord, endorsed in Washington, D.C., in 1993; and the Oslo II Accord, endorsed in Taba, Egypt, in 1995.

The Oslo Accords denoted the beginning of the Oslo interaction, a harmony cycle pointed toward accomplishing a ceasefire dependent on United Nations Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, and at satisfying the “right of the Palestinian individuals to self-assurance.”

The Oslo cycle began after secret dealings in Oslo, bringing about the acknowledgement by the PLO of the State of Israel and the acknowledgement by Israel of the PLO as the agent of the Palestinian public and as an accomplice in exchanges.

More Facts to Know

The Oslo Accords made a Palestinian Authority entrusted with restricted self-administration of parts of the West Bank and Gaza Strip; and recognized the PLO as Israel’s accomplice in lasting status arrangements about leftover inquiries. The main inquiries identify with the lines of Israel and Palestine, Israeli settlements, the situation with Jerusalem, Israel’s military presence in and authority over excess regions after Israel’s acknowledgement of Palestinian self-governance, and the Palestinian right of return. The Oslo Accords, notwithstanding, didn’t make a Palestinian state.


Hopefully, you must have understood each and everything about the Israel-Palestine conflict that had been going on in the world for a period of almost 70 years now and had been the main reason for the violent mass killing of people all over the nation.

If you want to know some more information about the same or if you have any doubts regarding the same, feel free to comment down below and let us know all about it so that we can help you clear all your queries in one go because we’ll be more than happy to help you out through this.

Also, don’t just forget to read the other new blogs that have been uploaded by us on our page.

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Israel Palestine Conflict: New Topic to Add in Your UPSC Preparation
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Israel Palestine Conflict: New Topic to Add in Your UPSC Preparation
What is the Israel-Palestine Conflict? What is the OSLO peace accords? How is it important for the UPSC? Click the information below to know more about this.
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About the Author

Sakshi Bachani

Sakshi Bachani is a freelance Content Writer and Teacher. She has completed her Bachelor's degree from Delhi University.. She has been a freelance teacher for the past five years and has worked towards helping young kids achieve their dreams. She had also worked as an Intern teacher with an NGO. Apart from writing and teaching, she really enjoys music, animals, and plants. She even has her own little garden which she loves very dearly and can be sometimes seen buying more plants for herself.

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