Are you doing UPSC preparation to excel in the upcoming CSE examination? Well, you have landed on the right article. Let’s know about NCRB for the upcoming UPSC.
Know About National Crime Records Bureau for Civil Service Preparation
If your civil service preparation is going on and you have prepared notes for some of the most important topics, you need to go through this article completely. NCRB is headquartered in the capital of India (Delhi).
It was set up in 1986 underneath the Ministry of Home Affairs to perform as a repository of knowledge on crime and criminals, therefore assisting the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators. It had been come upon based on the recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and also the MHA’s Task Force (1985).
The bureau takes out the annual comprehensive statistics of crime. This is brought out across the country which is known as the ‘Crime in India’ report. Having been revealed in 1953, the report is a vital tool in understanding the law and order state of affairs across the country. The inaugural performance of the ordinal CCTNS Hackathon and Cyber Challenge 2020-21 of NCRB was held in New Delhi.
Recently, National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) released the Crime in Bharat Report 2020. While 2020, a year marked by months of national internment because of the pandemic saw fewer ancient crimes like those committed against girls and kids, among others, it witnessed an enormous spike in civil conflicts.
Communal riots registered a rise of ninety-six in 2020 over the previous year. Delhi Police alone registered the best i.e. 520 cases of communal riots within the year and the state (UP) didn’t record one case of communal violence in 2020.
Caste riots saw a rise on the brink of five hundredths, rural riots thirty-eighth, and riots throughout ‘Andolan/morcha’ inflated by thirty-third. The number of cases registered for crimes against women, kids, and senior voters, theft, burglary, theft, and robbery, among others, was born by approximately two lakh.
Murder registered a marginal increase of 1 chronicle whilst offences falling underneath the class of “violent crimes” diminished by 0.5%. Delhi is the most unsafe town for ladies. Over ten,093 cases of crimes against girls were registered within the capital in 2020.
Cases under the ‘environment-related offences’ class exaggerated by 78.1% within the country in 2020. The speed of cybercrime (incidents per 100000 population) conjointly exaggerated from 3.3% in 2019 to 3.7% in 2020. The year conjointly saw a big call in cases associated with Offenses against the State, with a drop of twenty-seventh over 2019. UP, however, was the sole major state to record a rise during this class, principally because of the big range of ‘Damage to Public Property’ cases registered by the state, several of them throughout the anti-CAA (Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019) protests.
Offences against the State embrace cases related to the violation and waging war against the state, those falling underneath provisions of the Unlawful Activities interference Act (UAPA) 1967, Official Secrets Act 1923, and injury to property Act 1954.
National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) – Objectives
The most prominent objectives of NCRB are to create, lead, and coordinate the event of IT applications for Police along with collating info and maintaining statistics on crime and criminals at the national level. Creation and maintenance of info at the National level for enforcement agencies.
Maintain national info on fingerprints of all criminals in Bharat. To coordinate, guide, and assist the functioning of the State Crime Records Bureau, along with, providing coaching facilities to personnel of the Crime Records bureau. To perform because of the National storage of fingerprint (FP) records of condemned persons together with FP records of foreign criminals. To stay the central and state governments updated with the official records and findings related to any case.
If you are preparing your UPSC notes for the upcoming UPSC exam, you should have a look to acknowledge these rates. The conviction rate is given below:
# Murder – 41.9 percent
# Rape – 27.8 percent
# Kidnapping and Abduction – 24.9 percent
# Rioting – 19.4 percent
# Hurt – 30.6 percent
Now, let’s talk about the state-wise percentage share of total cases. It is mentioned below:
# Andhra Pradesh – 3.7
# Arunachal Pradesh – 0.1
# Assam – 3.8
# Bihar – 6.1
# Chhattisgarh – 1.9
# Goa – 0.1
# Gujarat – 4.3
# Haryana – 3.5
# Himachal Pradesh – 0.4
# Jharkhand – 1.6
# Karnataka – 3.7
# Kerala – 5.5
# Madhya Pradesh – 7.6
# Maharashtra – 10.6
# Manipur – 0.1
# Meghalaya – 0.1
# Mizoram – 0.1
# Nagaland – 0
# Odisha – 3
# Punjab – 1.4
# Rajasthan – 7
# Sikkim – 0
# Tamil Nadu – 5.2
# Telangana – 3.7
# Tripura – 0.2
# Uttarakhand – 0.4
# Uttar Pradesh – 10.9
# West Bengal – 4.9