With the exception of Bucharest and Budapest, 26 aircraft are expected to return Indian citizens in the next 3 days, according to Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla.

On Tuesday, the 9th Operation Ganga plane from Bucharest arrived in Delhi, carrying 218 Indian citizens.   He went on to say that airports in Poland and the Slovak Republic would be utilized for this purpose.

Read on to learn more about the Operation Ganga UPSC topic.

What is Operation Ganga?

Operation Ganga was initiated by the Indian government to bring stuck students and Indian students back to India from Ukraine. The government also dispatched 4 Union ministers as ‘special envoys’ to supervise the evacuation efforts: Hardeep Singh Puri, Jyotiraditya Scindia, General (Retired) Dr. VK Singh, and Kiren Rijiju.

Although Scindia is in Romania, Kiren Rijiju is in charge of the Slovak Republic’s evacuation efforts. General VK Singh is in Poland, whereas Hardeep Singh Puri is monitoring and organizing the evacuation of trapped Indians in Hungary.

The Ministry of External Affairs has set up a special Twitter account, @opganga, to provide information and updates on the continuing rescue operations.

Six flights transporting 1,377 Indian people stuck in Ukraine have left for India in the previous 24 hours, according to External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar. Among these are the first planes from Poland.

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Approximately 20 flights from Air India Express, Air India, and SpiceJet have also been dispatched by the Union government. Air India flights can accommodate up to 250 passengers, whereas Air India Express flights can accommodate up to 180 passengers.

IndiGo planes have a capacity of 216 people, whereas SpiceJet has a capability of 180 passengers. In addition, the Indian Air Force will use the C-17 Globemaster to rescue stranded Indian citizens.

Today, three additional Indian Air Force aircraft are slated to go to Poland, Hungary, and Romania to transport Indians back from Ukraine. Under Operation Ganga, a C-17 Globemaster took flight at 4 a.m. today towards Romania.

Operation Ganga UPSC: Helpline Numbers

The MEA also shared a lowdown of 24×7 helpline numbers and WhatsApp and email contacts for Indian nationals and students stranded in Hungary, Poland, Slovak Republic and Romania on this Twitter handle. “24×7 Control Centres set up to assist in the evacuation of Indian nationals through the border crossing points with Hungary, Poland, Romania and the Slovak Republic,” the tweet read.

Operation Ganga UPSC: How Many Indians are Stuck in Ukraine?

Shringla stated, “We had an estimated 20,000 Indian students in Ukraine at the time that we issued our first advisory. From that number approximately 12,000 have since left Ukraine, which is 60 per cent of the total number of our citizens in Ukraine.”

He went on to say that about half of the remaining 40% are still in battle zones in Kharkiv and Sumy, while the other side has either crossed Ukraine’s western borders or are on their way there, they are usually out of conflict zones.

How to Make UPSC Notes?

Now, let’s learn how to make UPSC notes for any topic:

Make Bullet Points

The first thing to keep in mind is bulleted writing. Never make UPSC notes paragraph-style since it is difficult to read and analyze them! As a consequence, when taking notes, always utilize bullet points and underline the most significant information. It will help you quickly filter information. To make studying easier, divide the chapters using sticky notes.

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Write Short Sentences

The second thing you should remember when writing UPSC Notes for NCERTs is to compose brief phrases. Long sentences should be avoided since they are difficult to read. Make a note in your native language. It is not required to rewrite the identical sentences in the book. Rewrite them to make them shorter so that your notes are clear and concise.

Go Digital

Digital is the new age approach for everything! You should use tools like Evernote to take UPSC notes. It will save you a significant amount of time when writing! It also makes it easy to change or edit the notes. You won’t have to go out of your way to save them.


Regularly reviewing your UPSC Notes serves two functions. The first is to recall what you’ve learned, while the second is to recall what you’ve written. As comical as it may appear, most students ignore the shorthand they employed or the half-sentences they penned if they check their notes after a lengthy period of time! As a result, reread your notes on a regular basis to keep them fresh in your mind. Keep it up to date with the latest events and new information at the same time.

For more topics for UPSC preparation, visit UPSC Pathshala.

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About the Author

Madhurjya Chowdhury

Madhurjya Chowdhury, a web content writer in Ufaber EduTech has a very strong passion for writing and alluring the readers. You can find him writing articles for the betterment of exam aspirants and children. With immense interest in research-based content writing and copywriting, he likes to reach out to more and more people with his creative writing style. On the other side, he is an Electronics and Communication Engineer from LPU, Jalandhar. In his leisure time, he likes to play badminton or read about space discoveries. Apart from this, he is a pro gamer on PC, PS and Mobile gaming platforms.

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