East Kameng is home to Pakke Wildlife Sanctuary and Pakke Tiger Reserve. Its southern boundary joins the state boundary between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. The protected area is located between the Pakke and Kameng rivers’ land areas. It has an area of 861.95 square kilometres and is characterised by terai and rocky Siwalik mountains. After a three-hour journey from Itanagar via NH52, one arrives at Chhaibari and turns right, travelling through the plains, tea plantations, and freshly destroyed forest vegetation of Assam for a distance of 28 kilometres, one arrives at Seijusa, Arunachal.
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Pakke Tiger Reserve UPSC Topic
Pakke Tiger Reserve is part of Pakhui or Pakke Wildlife Sanctuary, which is located in the East Kameng District. The wildlife reserve is a great site to see and capture four different species of hornbills, as well as a variety of other animals and birds.
Pakke Tiger Reserve (PTR) is known for its pristine terrain and unique types of flora and wildlife. What makes PTR unique is the Forest Department’s and local communities’ tireless attempts to conserve the park’s animals, such as the Nyishi Tribe that live in the surrounding region. Significant efforts, such as fines for wildlife violations, altered the landscape of the reserve, making it a secure haven for flora and fauna to thrive in peace. As a consequence, the reserve now supports approximately 2000 plant species, 300 bird species, 40 mammalian species, 30 amphibians, and 36 reptiles. There are several species of flora and wildlife in PTR that are internationally endangered, including the Hornbill and White Winged Wood Duck.
For its Hornbill Nest Adoption Program, this Tiger Reserve was also awarded the India Biodiversity Award 2016 in the area of ‘Conservation of Threatened Species.’
PTR is bordered to the south and south-east by protected forests and Assam’s Nameri National Park, and on the east by the Pakke River and the Papum Reserve Forest. The Bhareli or Kameng River, Doimara RF, and Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary border the park on the west, while the Kameng River and the Shergaon Forest Division border it on the north. Lowland semi-evergreen, evergreen woodland, and Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests are among the park’s habitat categories. The tiger, leopard, clouded leopard, jungle cat, wild dog jackal, Himalayan black bear, binturong, elephant, gaur, sambar, hog deer, barking deer, wild boar, yellow throated Marten, Malayan giant squirrel, flying squirrel, squirrel, civet, capped langur, rhesus macaque, Assamese macaque, and bison are among the notable animals found in PTR.
Pakke Tiger Reserve was established on July 1, 1966, as Pakhui Reserve Forest, and proclaimed a game reserve on March 28, 1977. It was dubbed Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary in 2001, and on April 23, 2002, it was designated as the 26th Tiger Reserve underneath the National Tiger Conservation Authority’s Project Tiger.
The reserves are located at elevations ranging from 100 to 2,000 metres (330 to 6,560 feet) above mean sea level. With steep peaks in the north and narrow plains and slope hill valleys in the south, the landscape is harsh. The sanctuary descends southwards towards the Brahmaputra River’s river basin.
The Brahmaputra and Chittagong Hills region, which contains Pakke and Namdapha Tiger Reserve, is the northernmost boundary of the Indochinese tiger range, abutting the Bengal tiger range on the east.
From November through March, Pakke Tiger Reserve enjoys a subtropical environment with chilly temperatures. The temperature ranges from 12 to 36 degrees Celsius (54 to 97 degrees Fahrenheit). The average annual rainfall is 2,500 mm (98 in). The south-west monsoon brings rain from May to September, and the north-east monsoon brings rain from November to April. The months of October and November are dry. Winds are usually modest in speed. Thunderstorms might be expected throughout March and April. The yearly rainfall averages 2500 mm. The warmest months are May and June. During the summer, humidity levels might approach 80%.
There are now 27 anti-poaching camps in operation, with 104 local adolescents and 20 gaon burrahs (village fathers) serving as forest observers. To facilitate logistics and discourage poachers, a 41-kilometre road has been built. The Nyishi community encompasses the individuals that live in the vicinity of the park. By giving information and enforcing customary rules, the Ghora Aabhe (a collection of village leaders) and Women Self Help Groups assist authorities in wildlife conservation.
To safeguard hornbill nests, the Nyishi village has teamed together with civic society and the forest department. The Nyishi tribe wears fibreglass hornbill beak replicas as headwear and imposes fines for tiger hunt, among other rules.
In 2006, the Ghora Aabhe Society (a collection of village leaders) was founded. Conservation activities surrounding Pakhui Tiger Reserve are supported by a group of 12 village leaders, as well as the forest department (PTR). Several prizes and articles in the print media have recognised their efforts.
Best Time to Visit
Pakke Tiger Reserve is best visited during the winter months, from November to March. Nonetheless, the best time to visit would be during the Nyokum yullo, the Nyishi Tribe’s harvest celebration. This event offers visitors a glimpse of the basic lifestyle of the Nyishi Tribe, who reside in the area around the park.
Why in The News?
The Arunachal Pradesh government intends to construct a 692.7-kilometre highway across the 862-square-kilometre Pakke Tiger Reserve (PTR) in East Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh.
# The East-West Industrial Corridor roadway would connect Arunachal Pradesh with Assam. Yet, there is no mention of compensation for those who are expected to be displaced in the project.
# It has been claimed that the corridor may endanger the nearby Nameri Tiger Reserve in Assam.
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