For the Polity part of UPSC prelims, applicants should be well versed with the crucial aspects of the Indian Constitution. Contrasted with the earlier year, Polity is moving towards administration and policy implementation type questions. E.g. questions are related to Chief Secretary, Gram Nyayalayas, etc. So, what is the Polity syllabus, the reference books required, and what are some awesome guessing techniques in MCQ questions of UPSC prelims?

Preliminary Examination Syllabus for Polity

  1. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution.
  2. Political System.
  3. Panchayati Raj Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

Reference Books Preferred for Polity

  1. Indian Polity for Civil Services Examinations – M. Laxmikanth
  2. Objective Indian Polity: General StudiesPaper I by M. Laxmikanth
  3. Constitution of India.

UPSC MCQ Technique to follow

1. Mock Test Technique

Practice mock tests as much as you can before you show up for the Prelims. By this, you will become acquainted and be aware of your pros and cons with timings. Make targets like 30 minutes for 25 MCQs, an hour for 55 MCQs, 110 minutes for 100 MCQs. By this, you will save time and will ultimately make yourself more productive.

2. Flashback Method

It is a deductively demonstrated technique. One can remember a particular second in their life by shutting their eyes, and returning to when your educator, companion, or anybody besides them instructed you that specific data or option.

Attempt to get a handle on the psychological picture of classes, books, or notes, and endeavour to take out in any event where you have remembered the same picture in your head. Follow it with the elimination techniques.

3. Finding an Answer in the Question Paper itself

There have been a ton of cases in which certain questions can give you a clue for addressing different other questions. There are 100 questions which in itself give one great deal of realities and data. One can surely answer a particular question by linking it with any other question in the exam.


  1. Read newspapers daily.
  2. Coaching material can be replaced with the source of your choice.
  3. NCERTs are mandatory.
  4. Follow keywords and key topics.
  5. Learn the guessing game.

Focus Points Topics to Study for Polity MCQ in UPSC

The subject of Indian Polity and Constitution has consumed a predominant space at all 3 phases of the IAS test, be it Prelims, Mains or Interview. Listed below are all the topics that they must focus on to make the most for Polity MCQ in UPSC.


  • Description of the Preamble features.
  • The 42nd Amendment of Indian Constitution.
  • The Swaran Singh Committee.

Fundamental Rights (FR)

  • A generic knowledge of Articles 12-35.
  • A good base of understanding for Articles 14- 30 and Article 32.
  • The Writs and its different types.
  • FR’s for Exceptional and Enforcement cases.
  • The recent issues related to FR and RTE

Fundamental Duties(FD)

  • A good base of knowledge on Article 51A.
  • Important differences between FR and FD.
  • FD’s and its enforcement.
  • The recent issues related to FD.

Constitution of India

  • Generic idea about all the articles by Indian Constitution.
  • The Drafting Committee and its members.
  • Union Territories and their legislations.
  • Different Commissions and State Reorganisations.


  • A good idea on the Article 5-11.
  • PIO, NRI, OCI and Pravasi Bharatiya Divas.
  • The privileges gifted to the Indian nationals and foreigners.
  • The Citizenship Amendment Act of 2016.


  • Conversant idea of the 12 schedules.


  • Everything about Parliament and its functions.
  • The Sessions, Motions, and the Parliamentary procedure for Prorogation, Summoning, and Joint sitting.
  • The proceedings of Parliament involving Zero Hour, Question Hour, and Adjournment Motion, etc.
  • The Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.
  • The important powers and functions of Rajya Sabha.
  • Everything about the Parliamentary Committees.

Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP)

  • Good knowledge on Articles 36-51 along with Article 368.
  • Classification of DPSP along with its sources and key features.
  • The conflicts between Directive Principles and Fundamental Rights .
  • The 42nd, 44th, and 97th amendments.


  • Good knowledge on Articles 52-73.
  • The Election and Qualification process.
  • Powers and functions of Legislative, Executive, Diplomatic, Financial, Judicial, Military and Emergency Powers.
  • The Impeachments and Resignations in the Union Government.

Constitution Bodies

  • SPSC, EC, JPSC, UPSC, and Finance Commission.
  • The National Commission for ST’s and SCs.


  • A general idea of the judiciary articles
  • The appointment and qualifications of the Judiciary.
  • The procedure of Removal.
  • The recent Verdicts, controversies, and constitutional provisions.

State Government – State Executive

  • The special powers of the state governor and its appointment.
  • Financial, legislative, executive, discretionary and judicial powers of the Governor.
  • 7th constitutional amendment.
  • The Chief Minister of the state and other Council of Ministers.
  • The special powers of a state’s Chief Minister.

State Legislature

  • The Bicameral legislatures.
  • Creation and abolition of the Legislative councils

Special Areas Administration

  • Details on 5th Schedule and 6th Schedule.
  • Special Areas administration and its related issues.
  • Article 370.

State, Central and Inter-state Relations

  • The Administration of Union Territories (UT).
  • Tribunals.
  • The Special Provisions made and active for SC’s, ST’s, Backward Classes, Minorities and Anglo-Indians.
  • Municipalities and Yati Raj.
  • Emergency Provisions.

Practising NCERT MCQ for UPSC is the most important tip to excel in UPSC prelims. The MCQs tips and techniques mentioned above can also give you an upper hand in solving the history MCQ for UPSC and geography MCQ for UPSC.

To know more about the important tips, tricks and strategies, tune in with our regular blogs to get hold of the most relevant UPSC related content.

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Polity MCQs for UPSC Preparation: MCQ Tips and Techniques to Practice for your UPSC Prelims.
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Polity MCQs for UPSC Preparation: MCQ Tips and Techniques to Practice for your UPSC Prelims.
Check out the important polity MCQ for UPSC prelims preparation. Find out the effective UPSC MCQ tips and techniques to level up your MCQ game in UPSC prelims.
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Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

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