The Aravalli Hills in Rajasthan are home to the Sariska Tiger Reserve. It used to be the Maharaja of Alwar’s hunting reserve. It is India’s first tiger reserve to successfully reintroduce Royal Bengal tigers.

This is a crucial topic for the UPSC Preliminary and Main Exams. UPSC applicants should review the list of notable wildlife sanctuaries, Indian National Parks, and elephant reserves, among other resources.

You must read this article if you are looking for the topic Sariska tiger reserve UPSC. In the preliminary round of the UPSC paper, or even in the interview, you may be asked about this issue. You must be fully prepared to respond accurately. So, have a look at the topic’s synopsis.

Also Read: Mullaperiyar Dam UPSC: Let’s Elevate the Knowledge About Mullaperiyar Dam History and Issues!

Sariska Tiger Reserve – Notes for UPSC

In March 2002, a major fire broke out at the Sariska Tiger Reserve in Alwar, Rajasthan. Helicopters from the Indian Air Force were dispatched to put out the fires in the affected districts. Dry leaves, grass, and plants contributed to the fire.

Several forest fires occurred in March in various locations, including Similipal Wildlife Sanctuary in Odisha’s Mayurbhanj district (March 29, 2022), Perimalmalai Peak near the Kodaikanal highlands in Tamil Nadu’s Dindigul district (March 11, 2022), and others.

By March 30, 2022, 381 forest fires had been documented in India, according to the Forest Survey of India. With 133 forest fires, Madhya Pradesh is the state with the most.

Key Features of Sariska Tiger Reserve

Here are some key facts regarding the Sariska Tiger Reserve that UPSC applicants should know as they prepare for the Civil Services exam.

#It has a total area of 800 square kilometres, with a core area of about 500 square kilometres. In 1955, Sariska was designated as a wildlife refuge, and in 1979, it was designated as a national park.

#Migrants such as peafowl, crested serpent eagles, white-rumped vulture, painted spurfowl, Aravalli red spurfowl, Indian pitta, great horned owl, grey francolin, common sand grouse, golden-backed woodpeckers, Indian cuckoo, harbours quail, and others can be found in the reserve.

#Scrub thorn dry forests, grasses, mountainous cliffs, rocky terrain, and semi-deciduous wood can all be found here. Dhok, Tendu, and Khair trees can also be found in its woodlands.

UPSC Notes

#It has a good diversity of wild animals like Rufous-tailed hare, nilgai, tigers, leopard, hyena, jungle cat, rhesus macaque, caracal, ratel, spotted deer, langur, sambar deer, palm civet, four-horned antelope, wild pig, porcupine, Indian civet, common mongoose, ruddy mongoose, pangolin etc.

#The remains of Ajabgarh Bhangarh Fort, Siliserh Lake, which is home to many crocodiles, Kankwari Fort, Bharthari Temple, Nilkanth Temple, and other tourist attractions are all located within the Sariska National Park.

UPSC Exam Preparation: Important Notes

Project Tiger

#Project Tiger is a Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change-sponsored scheme that provides central aid to tiger states for tiger conservation in designated tiger reserves.

#The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is a statutory agency of the Ministry with an overarching supervisory/coordination role, charged with carrying out the functions outlined in the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

#The NTCA was established in 2005 in response to the Tiger Task Force’s recommendations. The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, was amended in 2006, giving it legal validity.

UPSC Exam Preparation Notes

According to the most recent tiger estimation report for 2018, India presently has 2,967 wild tigers, with more than half of them in Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh.

Since the last census in 2014, when the overall estimate was 2,226 tigers, the population has grown by 33%.

Sariska is India’s first tiger reserve to successfully transfer Royal Bengal tigers, with roughly 20 tigers currently in the reserve.

Also Read: Sealed Cover Jurisprudence: Why is this a Potential UPSC Topic?

UPSC Exam Preparation

Understanding how to take concise notes is crucial throughout UPSC preparation, especially in the context of the CSE Mains exam. One cannot expect to pass the Main test without extensive study, preparation, and continual revision of one’s notes.

Candidates must think conceptually and arrange their thoughts and directions of answers flawlessly to pass the IAS main test. The only way to obtain such intellectual clarity, clearness and structure is to write regularly. One of the most effective ways to do so is to take short notes.

The most significant component of taking notes from books is your understanding of the material; therefore, writing down what you understand in your own words is essential.

Other Protocored Areas in Rajasthan

#Desert National Park, Jaisalmer

#Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur

#Ranthambore National Park

#Sajjangarh wildlife sanctuary, Udaipur

#National Chambal Sanctuary (on tri-junction of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh).

#Ramgarh Vishdhari wildlife sanctuary


Hopefully, you enjoyed this article and were able to acquire the knowledge and data you needed for your UPSC exam. If you’re looking for UPSC notes on any other topic or concept, the UPSC Pathshala website is a great place to start.

It is intended for UPSC candidates. Experts and professionals will assist you in achieving your life goals. To ask about any problems, leave a remark in the space below. To do well in the UPSC exam, you should read more articles like this. Visit the UPSC Pathshala website to learn more.

Also Read: Genocide Convention for UPSC Topic: Make Notes on the Upcoming UPSC

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Sariska Tiger Reserve UPSC: Jot Down the Important and Key Features for UPSC Exam Preparation
The Aravalli Hills in Rajasthan are home to the Sariska Tiger Reserve. It is India's first tiger reserve to successfully reintroduce Bengal tigers. Learn more about it, in the article provided here.
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