The UPSC mains exam is the way that lets you move forward towards the interview round. The candidates must do a religious UPSC preparation for the main sections. You have to focus on the answer-writing practice to fetch good marks with precise content.

You must read the instructions carefully to avoid any mislead in the paper. If you want to get the UPSC mains 2021 GS paper 1, you need to go through this article. You will get the paper along with other useful information.

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The candidates doing UPSC preparation must understand the instructions before starting the paper. The GS paper 1 instructions for 2021 were written on the question paper. The total marks are 250 and the time given to complete the paper is 3 hours.

The paper consists of 20 questions that are printed in Hindi as well as in English. The candidates are required to solve all the questions and the marks of each question are given before them. The candidate must write the answers in the medium which was defined in the admission certificate. If you have written the answers in an unauthorized medium, no answer will be calculated.

The words for each question are also given. The questions from 1 to 10 must be written in 150 words whereas the questions from 11 to 20 are written in 250 words. You must take care of the words while writing the answer and should remember that content and information matter more than the length of the answers.

UPSC Mains 2020 GS Paper 1 Question Paper

If you want to prepare for the main exam perfectly and precisely, you need to go through the previous papers. It will give you an idea about the questions as well as prepare you to be perfect with the answers. The 2021 paper is also given in this article along with the complete analysis. So, go through the complete article for your UPSC preparation.

Q1. The rock-cut architecture represents one of the most important sources of our knowledge of early Indian art and history. Discuss. (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q2. The Pala period is the most significant phase in the history of Buddhism in India. Enumerate. (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q3. Evaluate the policies of Lord Curzon and their long-term implications on the national movements. (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q4. Discuss the geophysical characteristics of Circum- Pacific Zone. (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q5. The process of desertification does not have climate boundaries. Justify with examples. (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q6. How will the melting of Himalayan glaciers have a far-reaching impact on the water resources of India? (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q7. Account for the present location of iron and steel industries away from the source of raw material, by giving examples. (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q8. Has caste lost its relevance in understanding the multi-cultural Indian Society? Elaborate your answer with illustrations. (Answer in 150 words)

Q9. COVID-19 pandemic accelerated class inequalities and poverty in India. Comment. (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q10. Do you agree that regionalism in India appears to be a consequence of rising cultural assertiveness? Argue. (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q11. Indian Philosophy and tradition played a significant role in conceiving and shaping the monuments and their art in India. Discuss. (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q12. Persian literary sources of medieval India reflect the spirit of the age. Comment. (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q.13 Since the decade of the 1920s, the national movement acquired various ideological strands and thereby expanded its social base. Discuss. (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q14. The interlinking of revivers can provide viable solutions to the multi-dimensional inter-related problems of droughts, floods, and interrupted navigation. Critically examine. (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q15. Account for the huge flooding of million cities in India including the smart ones like Hyderabad and Pune. Suggest lasting remedial measures. (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q16. India has immense potential for solar energy though there are regional variations in its developments. Elaborate. (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q17. Examine the status of forest resources of India and its resultant impact on climate change. (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q18. Is our diversity and pluralism in India under threat due to globalization? Justify your answer. (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q19. Customs and traditions suppress reason leading to obscurantism. Do you agree? (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q20. How have digital initiatives in India contributed to the functioning of the education system in the country? Elaborate on your answer. (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

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UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 1 Question Paper

If you are preparing for the UPSC exam 2022, you will get the advantage to excel in the test. You should go through the 2021 paper and prepare your mind accordingly. Such knowledge is the basis of your winning in the competitive exams. UPSC mains 2021 GS paper 1 is given here. So, go ahead to understand the questions.

Q1. Evaluate the nature of Bhakti Literature and its contribution to  Indian culture. (Answer in 150 words) 10

Q2. Trace the rise and growth of socio-religious reform movements with special reference to Young Bengal and Brahmo Samaj. (Answer in 150 words) 10

Q3. Assess the main administrative issues and socio-cultural problems in the integration process of Indian Princely States. (Answer in 150 words) 10

Q4. Differentiate the causes of landslides in the Himalayan region and the Western Ghats. (Answer in 150 words) 10

Q5. Despite India being one of the countries of Gondwanaland, its mining industry contributes much less to its Gross Domestic Product(GDP) in percentage. Discuss. (Answer in 150 words) 10

Q6. What are the environmental implications of the reclamation of the water bodies into urban land use? Explain with examples. (Answer in 150 words) 10

Q7. Mention the global occurrence of volcanic eruptions in 2021 and their impact on the regional environment. (Answer in 150 words) 10

Q8. Why is India considered a subcontinent? Elaborate on your answer. (Answer in 150 words) 10

Q9. Examine the uniqueness of the tribal knowledge system when compared with mainstream knowledge and cultural systems. (Answer in 150 words) 10

Q10. Examine the role of the ‘Gig Economy’ in the process of empowerment of women in India. (Answer in 150 words) 10

Q11. To what extent did the role of the moderates prepare a base for the wider freedom movement? Comment. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Q12. Bring out the constructive programme of Mahatma Gandhi during Non-Cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Q13. ” There arose a serious challenge to the Democratic State System between the two World Wars.” Evaluate the statement. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Q14. Briefly mention the alignment of major mountain ranges of the world and explain their impact on local weather conditions, with examples. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Q15. How does the melting of the Arctic ice and glaciers of the Antarctic differently affect the weather patterns and human activities on the Earth? Explain. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Q16. Discuss the multi-dimensional implications of the uneven distribution of mineral oil in the world. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Q17. What are the main socio-economic implications arising out of the development of IT industries in major cities of India? (Answer in 250 words) 15

Q18. Discuss the main objectives of Population Education and point out the measures to achieve them in India in detail. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Q19. What is Cryptocurrency? How does it affect global society? Has it been affecting Indian society also? (Answer in 250 words) 15

Q20. How does Indian society maintain continuity in traditional social values? Enumerate the changes taking place in it. (Answer in 250 words) 15

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UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 1 Analysis

The UPSC mains 2021 GS paper 1 question paper was of good quality and it tested the analytical mind of the candidates. The paper was according to the time-tested pattern. It came with 20 questions to be solved in 3 hours. The examiners have touched all the areas of the UPSC syllabus in the questions.

However, the spheres of the syllabus were touched through a variety of questions. Bhakti and the tribal knowledge system had questions related to culture whereas the questions connected to the princely states were taken from the post-independence era. The socio-religious reform movements, the role of moderates in the freedom struggle, and Mahatma Gandhi’s constructive programs during NCM and CDM stressed Modern India.

Multiple questions were asked from Geography. The Indian society questions were also present. The paper was incredibly prepared to test the skills and knowledge of the students. Every candidate must have given the exam with mindfulness.

Also Read: Is Clearing UPSC Exam in 1st Attempt a Myth? Top UPSC Online Classes for 2022


Hopefully, this article has given you the content and question paper that you were looking for. If you are preparing for the UPSC exam and if you want to fetch good scores, practice is the key. You should go through the question papers and understand the level and pattern of the questions along with practising nicely.

If you have any doubt or if you want to prepare for the examination with expert guidance, you must go to the UPSC Pathshala website. The articles will benefit you a lot and the experts will show you the right path. So, make your dreams true with the best knowledge and platform.

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