Every year UPSC conducts exams to choose candidates for various civil service posts. IFS or Indian Forest Service is one such post. As the name suggests, an IFS officer is responsible for the protection and welfare of the forest area. Moreover, he heads sanctuaries, wildlife parks, and national parks.
In this article, I will explore what is Indian Forest Service? And how to become an IFS Officer?
Indian Forest Service: The Forest is Earth’s Delight
“A nation that destroys its soils destroys itself. Forests are the lungs of our land, purifying the air and giving fresh strength to our people.” Franklin D. Roosevelt
Well, this is so true. Forests are our lungs and without them, we can imagine our life. In total 19% of land under forest in India is so less as compared to the diversity of Indian biodiversity. Therefore there is an urgent need to protect our diverse range of flora and fauna.
Forests are important for human and animal existence. From clean air to breathe to being home to thousands of species of animals, forests have something for everyone. Then because of human activities forests are disappearing. If we don’t do something to prevent it, the human end is surely near.
Bureaucrats are responsible for executing different policies, so who is responsible for executing forest policies?
Well, here comes the role of an IFS officer. An Indian Forest Service is for formulating and implementing forest policies and protecting India’s diverse vegetation and wildlife.
H3- Basic Information
|Former||Imperial Forest Service|
|Cadre Controlling Authority||Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change|
|General Nature||Forestry, Wildlife Science, and Environmental Science|
|Director-General of Forests||Sanjay Kumar|
|Cabinet Secretary||Rajiv Gauba|
IFoS as a Career
An IFoS or IFS officer is a civil service of India, similar to IAS, IPS, and IFS. It comes under the authority of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).
There are various posts under these civil services and offer attractive salaries plus employee benefits. Moreover, you will get to live among nature and view the most beautiful sceneries.
Imperial Forest Service was renamed India Forest Service in 1966. He is responsible for forestry, wildlife science and environmental science.
Indian Forest Service: Salary for Various Posts
|Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Head of Forest Force)||2,25,000|
|Principal Chief Conservator of Forests||2,05,000-2,24,000|
|Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests||1,82,000-2,04,000|
|Chief Conservator of Forests||1,44,000-2,18,000|
|Conservator of Forests||1,30,000-2,13,000|
|Deputy Conservator of Forests||70,000-2,10,000|
Functions of an IFS Officer
The functions of an IFS Officer are as follows:
# Maintaining ecological stability of India.
# Protection and sustainable management of forest resources.
# Manage National Parks, Tiger Reserve, Wildlife Sanctuaries, etc.
# Managing biodiversity and wildlife.
# Conservation of diverse flora and fauna.
# Improves livelihood opportunities for communities dependent on forests.
# Solve any problem that prevents a flora or fauna from coexisting together.
# Deal with natural or manmade calamities such as deforestation, landslides, hunting, forest fires, illegal capturing, etc.
# Development of areas around the forest.
# Assistant Research & Development for biodiversity.
# Formulate and implement forest policies.
Selection Procedure of IFoS Officer
The selection of IFos consists of two stages:
# UPSC CSE Preliminary Examination is an objective type paper. This stage includes screening and selection of candidates for the IFS Mains examination.
# Indian Forest Service Mains Examination includes written and interview phases. The first phase is a written examination which tests the candidate’s knowledge about forestry or related fields.
Interview phases test the candidate’s personality and potential as an IFS officer.
Those who clear these stages successfully have to undergo a training period and then they get allocated according to their preference.
Exam Pattern for IFoS
|Phase||Papers||Total Marks||Time Allotted|
|Preliminary Exam||2||200||2 hours|
|Mains Exams||6||1400||2 hours|
This is a qualifying stage for mains and interviews. It is the same as other preliminary exams of civil service. This includes GS I and CSAT.
CSAT or GS II is qualifying in nature but with a minimum of 33% of marks.
|Paper||Total no. of questions||Total marks||Marks carried by each question||Negative marks||Time Allotted|
|2||80||200||33% passing marks||1/3||2 hours|
UPSC CSE IFoS main examination is different from UPSC CSE Main examination. There are a total of six papers in this and are descriptive.
|Paper||Paper Name||Total marks|
|III||Optional Subject I||200|
|IV||Optional Subject I||200|
|V||Optional Subject II||200|
|VI||Optional Subject II||200|
A Candidate has to face a face-to-face interview of a panel. This phase tries to assess the potential of a candidate for the respective service. The candidates will be judged based on their intellects, curiosity, judgment, alertness, tact, leadership, decision-making, etc.
The interview carries 300 marks.
After completing the selection procedure successfully, candidates will undergo a two-years the training period. First, they had to complete a basic training period in LBSNAA ( Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration in Mussoorie) for 15 weeks.
Then they will be sent to Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy at Dehradun. Here they will undergo intense training and will learn about Forest policies, laws, wildlife management, biodiversity, climate, environment protection, forest dwellers, and many more. They were also taught to handle various weapons and arms.
|Citizen of India
Subject of Nepal
Immigrants from Pakistan, Burma, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, East African countries like Kenya, Uganda. United Republic of Tanzania, Zaire, Ethiopia, and Vietnam before 1962.
|Bachelor’s degree from an Affiliated University in any one subject of these
(Animal husbandry & Veterinary Science, Botany, Chemistry, geology, Mathematics, Statistics, Physics, Zoology, Agriculture, forestry, and Engineering.
|21-32 (on August)|
|Age Relaxation||– 5 years for SCs/STs
– 3 years for OBCs
– 3 years for Defense Services personnel disabled
– 5 years for ex-servicemen
– 5 years for ECOs/SSCOs
– 10 years for a disabled person
|Number of Attempts||SCs and STs: Nil
Benchmark Disability: 9
|Fees||General: 100 INR
OBC: 100 INR
Indian Forest Service Syllabus: Analysis
# Current Affairs of National and International relevance
# History of India and INM
# Indian and World Geography
# Indian Polity and Constitution
# Economic and Sustainable development
# Environmental Ecology
# General Science
# Interpersonal skills
# Logical reasoning and ability
# Decision making
# Problem solving
# Mental activity
# Basic numeracy
Paper I General English
Candidates have to write an Essay, solve comprehension and solve basic English exercises
Paper II General Knowledge
Basic General Knowledge such as current events, accomplishments of science fields, Indian Polity, History and Geography.
Paper III Optional Subject I: Paper I
Paper IV Optional Subject I: Paper-II
Paper V Optional Subject II: Paper I
Paper VI Optional Subject II: Paper-II
List of Optional Subjects
Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
IFoS is a job with immense responsibility. Protecting the Environment from ill human activities is important for our own sake. India’s forest area is lower than average which is dangerous for India’s rich biodiversity of flora and fauna.
They are our cultural pride. Moreover, more forests will lower the global warming effects and produce fresh air to breathe.
An IFS office offers a lucrative package that keeps on increasing with your experience as high as 2 Lakhs per month.
There are so many reasons why you should choose IFoS, so which one is yours? For sure success in your examination visit UPSC Pathshala. It offers informative courses at reasonable prices, experts advice and all information regarding it.