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Government of India Act of 1919 This Act is also known as Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms Montagu was the Secretary of State for India and Lord Chelmsford was the Viceroy of India. For the first time, elections were known to the people and it created political consciousness among the people. Some Indian women also had the right to vote for the first time. 1. It extended the principle of communal representation by providing separate electorates for Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians and Europeans. 2. It granted a franchise to a limited number of people on the basis of property, tax or education.

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