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The representatives of the victims of use of Endosulfan poisoning in the Kasargod district of Kerala are staging a protest in Thiruvanathapuram. The Supreme Court has ordered the state to pay Rs 5 lakh compensation to each of the victim. What is Endosulfan? Endosulfan is an organochlorine insecticide, introduced in the 1950s as a pesticide and is commonly known by its trade name, Thiodan. It is being phased out globally due to its acute toxicity. The Stockholm Convention (2011) on Persistent Organic Pollution started a global ban on the manufacture and its use, sighting ill- effects on human health and environment. It is also included under the Rotterdam Convention on Prior Informed Consent. The Rotterdam Convention (formally, the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade) is a multilateral treaty to promote shared responsibilities in relation to the imports of hazardous chemicals. So far, more than 80 countries have banned the use of the chemical in agriculture. Ban on Endosulfan in India: The Supreme Court has banned the manufacture, storage and sale of Endosulfan in 2011. However, the state of Kerala banned it in 2001. Ill-effects of Endosulfan: Ensulfan has numerous negative health effects on human health. It may cause endocrine disruption, cancer, reproduction and development deformity.

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