SPSC is said to be the state version of UPSC. UPSC holds the civil services for the country and State PSC holds the civil services for the state. Both these constitutional bodies are highly respected and honoured. With the same syllabus and exam pattern, it is easier for the aspirants to kill two birds with a single stone.

Let us take you on a tour of UPSC and SPSC important information. Read this article thoroughly to not miss out on any important detail.

UPSC and State PSC

Composition of UPSC and State PSC

Let us first review the rules and then pass them on to the makeup of the Union Public Service Commission and the State Public Service Commissions.

# The UPSC and SPSC each have a Chairman and other representatives.

# The commissions are made up of 9 to 11 people, plus the chairman (about the fact that the number is not specified anywhere, it varies from time to time and is determined by the president in the context of UPSC and the governor in the context of SPSC.).

# The Commissions officially have a sanctioned strength of 11 members (one Chairman and ten representatives).

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Appointment and Eligibility 

The chairman and representatives of the UPSC and SPSC are appointed according to the terms of Article 316 of the Constitution of India.

# The President of India appoints the Chairman and other representatives of the Union Public Service Commission and the Governor of the State appoints the Chairman and other representatives of the State Public Service Commissions.

# While no explicit requirement is stated in the Constitution, it does require that 50% of UPSC representatives have retained government office for a period of 10 years.

# The Constitution of India empowers the President of India and the Governor of State to decide the Chairman and other representatives of the Union Public Service Commission and the State Public Service Commission’s terms of the line at the time of their designation.

# Representatives of the Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commissions do not occupy any profit-generating positions in the state or central governments.

Powers of UPSC and State PSC

The Union Public Service Commission and the State Public Service Commission’s primary authority is advisory. It has the authority to advise the President and Governors of every State on the following issues:

# For other matters relating to the recruitment of government civil servants.

# Evaluation of applicants for nomination, promotion, or transition in all civil positions based on their performance and quality.

# For all matters relating to the civil service’s workers’ professionalism and punctuality.

# Concerns over the needs and compensation of Public Service workers, as well as employees who have been injured while on service.

Powers of State PSC and UPSC

# Whether or not the fee or expense on any work done by a Civil Service employee would be paid to India’s consolidated budget.

# Regarding the promptness of actions and the discipline of intervention of government operations, as well as the provision of restitution to a government employee who has incurred certain difficulties or financial damage as a result of the government’s incompetence.

# Which also provides the authority to deal with issues such as disciplinary actions taken against workers who have broken the rules, as well as all issues concerning the interests of government employees working with both the federal and state governments.

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UPSC vs PSC: State PCS vs UPSC 

Provisions UPSC State PSC
Number of members Decided by President Decided by Governor
Appointment Appointed by President Appointed by Governor
Retirement Until 65 years Until 62 years
Conducting exam All India Examinations and National level examinations State-level Recruitment examinations
Report submission Submitted to President Submitted to Governor
Expenses Charged on Consolidated Fund of India Charged on Consolidated Fund of the state
Suspension By the President By the Governor

How to Choose between State PSC and UPSC?

UPSC is Grade A whereas SPSC is Grade B but both of them have equal respect. If you are someone who wants to work in your hometown, then State PSC is the right choice for you.

Can You Give State PSC and UPSC in the Same Year?

As mentioned above, there is no difference between the upsc and state PSCsyllabus. Therefore, you can prepare the same subjects and topics for both the exams. If the exam dates are far from each other you can easily give both the exams in the same year.

There is also no difference between UPSC and State PSC exam pattern which is a bonus.

What is the Difference Between UPSC Civil and State PSC Exam Preparation Strategy?

The syllabus and the exam pattern of both these exams are the same. Therefore, you can prepare for both at once. Here are some preparation tips to help you crack the UPSC or SPSC exam.

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Making Your Foundation Stronger

Start preparing now that you know how the topics will be posted! Starting by reading NCERT textbooks from classes VI to XII. Every year, over 15 questions specifically from the NCERTs are asked; thus, you should not miss them! We also offer an NCERT course tailored specifically for beginners. The course helps get you started on the planning, which can be a challenging challenge otherwise! Nonetheless, you can begin reading the NCERTs and grow a daily newspaper reading routine at this time!

Enhance the Foundation

The next move is to build on the solid base you’ve established! Begin by reading the appropriate textbooks for each topic. Always remember that you must keep your finances to a bare minimum in order to have enough time for revision. Study one book every topic and go through it again and again.

Revise a Lot

The secret to completing this test is to revise! Since the syllabus is so big, you’ll need to keep revising in order to remember everything you’ve read. Keep the days free to go over what you’ve read throughout the week and revise it. Aside from that, keep up with the comprehensive revision of current events and other topics!

More Writing Practice

When you’ve finished around half of the textbook, you should start writing your answers. The accomplishment of the whole syllabus is a misconception, and you will never be able to do it! As a result, set a goal of completing 70 to 75 percent of the syllabus and revising it numerous times. Try to write good answers; you should frame your answers using the toppers’ answer key as inspiration. Often get your responses tested by your coaches so that you can learn how to improve!


The Public Service Commissions are the underlying framework that guarantees and safeguards the meritocracy of Indian civil services. Nevertheless, some modifications and amendments could be implemented to improve the efficiency of these bodies.

The time required to prepare for UPSC or SPSC is from 6 months to 12 months based on the level of dedication you have.

Level up your exam preparation with UPSC Pathshala and score a better rank in your next exam.

Also Read: Can an Engineer Prepare for UPSC at Home? Crack the Exam with Our Preparation Tips

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About the Author

Madhurjya Chowdhury

Madhurjya Chowdhury, a web content writer in Ufaber EduTech has a very strong passion for writing and alluring the readers. You can find him writing articles for the betterment of exam aspirants and children. With immense interest in research-based content writing and copywriting, he likes to reach out to more and more people with his creative writing style. On the other side, he is an Electronics and Communication Engineer from LPU, Jalandhar. In his leisure time, he likes to play badminton or read about space discoveries. Apart from this, he is a pro gamer on PC, PS and Mobile gaming platforms.

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