The topics of internal security and disaster management are diverse and also important for both the prelims and the mains exams. These topics are also highly linked with current affairs. Almost every question asked from them is related to current events. Standard books alone are not enough for this topic and supplement reading and research are needed.

GS III Trend Analysis for Disaster Management

The General trend of marks allotted for Disaster Management and Internal Security during the previous years is:

Subject Subtopic 2013 2014 2015 2016
Disaster Management Disaster Management 10 12.5 12.5 25
Security Development and Extremism 10 0 12.5 12.5
Security External Actors and Border Management 10 62.5 25 25
Security Cyber Security and Money Laundering 35 0 25 12.5

Updated Disaster Management Syllabus in UPSC

The syllabus for Disaster and Disaster Management includes topics that are:

  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cybersecurity; money-laundering, and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
  • This social security topic has a very narrow scope but is very important as Naxal issues are often seen in the news.
  • Explore the relationship between poverty, lack of development, unemployment, and the rise of left-wing terrorism such as Naxalism and Maoism. The origin story of the social issue, the problems faced by everyone due to it, governmental provisions, and steps that were taken.

Disaster Management Notes and Strategy

  1. Identify the probable natural disasters from the Indian perspective – Eg: EarthQuakes, Tsunamis, Landslides, Flood, Drought, Epidemics, etc.
  2. Never forget Human induced disasters – Eg: Nuclear Reactor explosion, Dam collapse, Gas Leakage, Oil Spill, War, Terrorism, Extremism, Communal Carnage, Cyber Breakdown, etc.
  3. The national policy on disaster management.
  4. Structure and functions of present disaster management authorities in the country – at national, state, and district levels.
  5. Prepare notes on different security drills and disaster management situations and probable solutions. Try to be unique and come up with new logical ideas to catch the eye!

Also Read: How To Make Notes for UPSC Preparation?

Disaster Management Notes Topics for 2021

  • Epidemic Diseases Act 1897
  • PM’s Care Fund- Objective, Constitution and Issues
  • Kerala Floods 2018
  • Flood Governance in India
  • Oil Spill Disasters
  • National Disaster Management Plans for Animals
  • NPDM 2009
  • Volcanoes


This section is considered one of the more scoring ones if only you give in proper care and do your best to approach the answers well. Read the newspapers and government protocols well whenever approaching disasters, be it man-made or natural and you will be able to score well. The static part of the syllabus is considered pretty basic, the only variable is the current affairs part. If the candidate has a good grasp of current affairs and general knowledge, he or she can easily answer the questions in this part.

Make good proper notes and make use of mind maps, flow charts, and cue cards. Research about every disaster that took place in the past few years and what the government did for it- good or bad.

Also Read : Indian Forest Service Exam Eligibility: Indian Forest Service Officer Salary and Benefits

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Disaster Management Notes for UPSC: Syllabus and Tips for Internal Security for IAS
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Disaster Management Notes for UPSC: Syllabus and Tips for Internal Security for IAS
The topics of internal security and disaster management are diverse and known for being unpredictable, however, the subject is very scoring. Learn how to tackle it.
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UPSC Pathshala
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