Let’s grab the best details and knowledge about the panchayat extension to scheduled areas at UPSC from this article. You can read the information thoroughly to score well in your UPSC exam.
Panchayat Extension to Scheduled Areas Act UPSC
The UPSC notes are the most important part of the UPSC exam. The candidates search for multiple platforms and content to get the best information regarding different significant UPSC topics. You should be aware of the PESA Act for your UPSC exam preparation. This law was enacted by the government.
For making certain self-governance through ancient Gram Sabhas for folks living within the Scheduled Areas of India. Now, let’s gather the knowledge about the scheduled areas. Well, the scheduled areas are areas known by the Fifth Schedule of the Constitution of India.
“Scheduled Areas” mean the scheduled Areas as mentioned in Clause (1) of Article 244 of the Constitution. They are found in 10 states of India that have a predominant population of social group communities. At present, scheduled Areas are declared within the States of AP (including Telangana), Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, MP, geographic area, Odisha, and Rajasthan.
Powers Granted to Gram Sabha/ Panchayats Under PESA Act
If you are doing the UPSC exam preparation, you must make precise notes on this significant UPSC topic. More relevant information is given below:
# Land acquisition: To be consulted on matters of land acquisition and transferral.
# Mining licensing: Grant prospecting license for mining lease for minor minerals and concessions for such activities.
# Water Bodies: coming up with and management of minor water bodies.
# Regulation of Liquor: the ability to enforce prohibition or to control or limit the sale and consumption of any intoxicant.
# Minor Forest Produces: The possession of MFPs
# Land reforms: the ability to stop the alienation of land and to revive any unlawfully alienated land of a scheduled tribe.
# Village Markets: the ability to manage village markets.
# Money Lending: the ability to exercise management over cash loaning to scheduled tribes.
UPSC Exam Topic
The biggest and the most important part of this topic is the reason for enacting this act. The major reason to do so is to fill the constitutional vacuum: These Areas weren’t lined by the 73rd Constitutional modification or Panchayati dominion Act of the Indian Constitution as provided partly IX of the Constitution.
# Self-governance: PESA wanted to alter the Panchayats at acceptable levels and Gram Sabhas to implement a system of self-governance.
# Customary regulation: It includes a variety of problems like customary resources, minor forest turnout, minor minerals, minor water bodies, choice of beneficiaries, sanction of comes, and management over native establishments.
Significance of the Act
# Tribal autonomy: PESA was seen as a curative for several of those vulnerabilities wherever the social group communities in such scheduled Areas were to decide by themselves the pace and priorities of their development.
# Tribal method of development: PESA was viewed as a positive development for social group communities in scheduled Areas that had earlier suffered enormously from engagement with trendy development processes.
# Sustainable access to forests: The loss of access to forest, land, and alternative community resources had enhanced their vulnerability.
# Easing of tribal distress: Rampant land acquisition and displacement due to development has led to large-scale distress in social group communities living in scheduled Areas.
Therefore, all the information for your UPSC exam is covered in this article. To know more about this Act or the other acts and implementations in India along with their significance, you should visit the UPSC Pathshala website. You will be able to fetch detailed notes on all the essential UPSC topics on the website along with the answers to your queries and expert guidance.