Oslo Peace Accords are a couple of agreements signed by the two states; Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO). They were approved by the Prime Minister of Israel; Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat, the ruler of the PLO. The Oslo Peace Accord has appeared in the news recently following the allegation of the United State’s Middle East Peace Plan, the Palestinian councils aimed to pull out of the Oslo Peace Accord.

In the following article, you get to know what is the Oslo Peace Accords for UPSC and what is the Israel Palestine conflict. Palestine issue and the two-state solution. Read the article till the end to know everything required for UPSC.

What are the Oslo Accords? Facts to know for UPSC

Oslo Peace Accords, a pair of agreements signed by the two committees were the: The Oslo I Accord approved at Washington D.C in 1993 and the Oslo II Accord approved at Taba, Egypt in 1995. The accords founded limited Palestinian self-rule in portions of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

The Oslo Accords indicate an incredible resemblance to the Camp David Accords. The Camp David Accords were a sequel of approvals that normalised connections between Israel and Egypt in 1978, obeying the Yom Kippur War 5 years prior.

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The Camp David Accord themselves anticipated autonomy for the regional Palestinians of Gaza and the West Bank. There were concerns regarding the Israeli settlement in the West Bank with the number of settlers surging. But the Israeli government declined to talk to the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) because they assumed the PLO a terrorist committee. As an outcome, the Camp David Accords left this matter on the backburner.

The dilemma altered in the 1990s when Israel agreed to recognise the PLO as the deputies of the Palestinians and began to settle directly with them. Like the Camp David Accords years before, the Oslo Accords were directed at an interim agreement enabling for initial steps, followed by a detailed settlement in 5 years.

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Objectives of the Oslo Peace Accords

Next secret negotiations in Oslo, the State of Israel recognised the PLO as the deputy of the Palestinian People and as a proportional supporter in negotiations. The accords that would be developed had the following motives

The Oslo process began after secret negotiations in Oslo, arising in the tribute by the PLO of the State of Israel and the tribute by Israel of the PLO as the deputy of the Palestinian people and as a supporter in negotiations.


# Promoting Palestinian Self Government

# Departure of Israeli Military from Palestinian Territories, and security duties to being provided to the Palestinian authorities for retaining security.

# A policy for open elections in Palestinian territories was to be approved upon.

# Developing of a shelf of an independent Palestinian state.


In 1993 the deputies of the Israeli administration and the PLO reached Norway to start up the negotiations.PLO leader Yassir Arafat and  Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin led their respective councils. Representatives from the Norwegian government, led by deputy foreign minister Jan Egeland behaved as referees between the two walls.

The Oslo I accords also arrange a follow-up approval for the Oslo II accords which comprised conferences of how the city of Jerusalem would be regulated or rather, who would govern it as both walls contended it as their respective capital. Other issues contained securities, borders and the liberties of Israeli migrants in the West Bank.

The Oslo II accord provided the Palestinian Authority restricted control over the West Bank regions and Gaza while permitting Israel to annex much of the West Bank, and founded the groundwork for a common alliance between the Palestinian Authority and the Israeli government. One of the requirements of the accords restricted both walls from devoting violence against each other.

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Israel Palestine Conflict for UPSC

The Israeli-Palestinian war is one of the world’s longest ongoing and most contentious conflicts. It claims to have its origins in 957 BC when King Solomon constructed the first temple in the Israelite kingdom, which was eradicated by Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon in 587/586 BC. Though both the Arab Muslims and the Jews date their assertions to the land back a couple of thousand years, the recent political war started in the early 20th century.

Uncertainties are always huge between Israel and Palestinians living in Gaza, East Jerusalem and the West Bank. Gaza is governed by a Palestinian militant organization called Hamas, which has protested against Israel many times. Egypt and Israel tightly regulate Gaza’s borders.

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Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza confess they’re undergoing because of Israeli restrictions and actions. Israel declares it is only working to defend itself from Palestinian violence. British rulers weakened to organize peace between Jews and Muslims and thus, proclaimed the innovation of the state of Israel in 1948.

Palestinians challenged and a battle followed. Thousands of Palestinians were compelled out of their houses in what they call Al-Nakba, or the “Catastrophe”. By the time the warfare halted in a ceasefire the following year, Israel regulated most of the province. The battle directed to over 700,000 Palestinians served refugees.

Jordan engaged land, which became known as Egypt and the West bank occupied Gaza. Jerusalem was distributed between  Jordanian forces in the East and Israeli forces in the West.

Result of the Oslo Accords

Instead of the confidence that the peace between Palestine and Israel would become a truth, it became instantly obvious that this was not to be the prosecution. The Palestinian councils criticized Israel for not living up to some of the approvals of the Oslo Accords. Particularly the approval on troop withdrawal. Although the concession of Israelis in the West Bank was delayed at the behest of the United States, they started picking up before the 2000s.

At the exact time, it was established that the chaos between Palestinians and Israelis had escalated since the accords were approved. The turmoil escalated whenever the Palestinian Authority earned power leading to the weakness that they had failed to regulate the West Bank and Gaza effectively. The diplomats from both sides did reconvene at Camp David but no progress was made on a more detailed treaty and the talks declined as a result.

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Expecting that the above article was beneficial for you to know everything about the Oslo Peace Accords and the conflict between Israel and Palestine. The achievements of the Oslo peace accords and the outcome of it. The conflict between Israel and Palestine is always ongoing and the top trending news on all the social media aspects. One of the most significant of their battles was fought in 1967 when East Jerusalem was occupied by Israel.

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Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

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