The  Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) gives candidates a choice to take the Civil Services Exam in English or any Indian language listed in the 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution. Although, a majority of the candidates take the IAS Exam (Mains) and the interview in English, many candidates opt for Hindi as well. UPSC Prelims exam books in Hindi are available in the market; however, selecting the best books from the exam perspective remains critical.

Geography UPSC Syllabus for Prelims

Indian and World Geography

  1. Basics of India
  2. Physical features
  3. River systems
  4. Climate
  5. Minerals and industries
  6. Agriculture
  7. Natural vegetation and fauna
  8. Economic infrastructure
  9. Human Geography
  10. Major natural regions
  11. Regional geography of developed countries
  12. Regional geography of developing countries
  13. Regional geography of South Asia

Physical Geography

  1. Geomorphology
  2. Climatology
  3. Oceanography
  4. Biogeography

Human Geography

  1. Man & environment; relationship, growth, and development of human geography; determinism and possibilism
  2. Population, tribes, migration
  3. Economic activities – agriculture, manufacturing, industries, tertiary activities
  4. Settlements, urbanization, functional classification of towns, million-cities, and megacities

UPSC Geography Mains Syllabus

  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent; factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world including India
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone, etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and flora and fauna and the effects of such changes
  • Salient features of the world’s physical geography (geomorphology, climatology, oceanography, biogeography, and environmental geography)

Also Read: Complete and Detailed Syllabus For Geography in Prelims, Mains and Optional 

Geography Books for Hindi Medium Students

For Study Material:

  • Bharat Ka Bhugol by Spectrum
  • Bharat Evam Viswa Ka Bhugol by Majid Hussain
  • Bhautik Bhugol by Majid Hussain
  • Orient Blackswan (Vishwa Atlas Laghu Sanskaran)
  • Bhartiya Bhautik Paryawaran NCERT
  • Bhugol Mein Prayogatamak Karya NCERT
  • Bhautik Bhugaul Ke Moolya Siddhanth NCERT
  • Manav Bhugaul Ke Moola Siddhantha NCERT
  • Bharat Log Aur Arthvyavastha NCERT

For Current Affairs to Supplement:

  • Lucent’s Samanya Gyan
  • Manorama Year Book 2019 – Hindi
  • Bharat 2020 – Publication Division (GOI)
  • IGNOU books
  • Yojana magazine/ Kurukshetra (Hindi)

Preparation Strategy for Hindi Medium Students

Hindi ranks a solid Top 2 in the list of most opted medium of choice by IAS aspirants in the CSE after English. Many candidates even take Hindi as their optional subject in the UPSC mains. Moreover, do not forget that there is a compulsory Indian language paper in mains as well.

The books mentioned in this article are the IAS study materials in Hindi, books, and resources, although essential for geography specifically, are still just a small part of the total amount of information needed for successfully cracking the IAS exam. Hindi medium aspirants should diligently look for and update their knowledge of current affairs from trusted sources, case studies, quotes, government articles, etc. You should collate all the material that you would need and practice writing all kinds of answers.

Also read: How to Score Better In Geography in UPSC


The language that you are most comfortable in should be the one you opt for. The UPS Commission allows you to choose any language medium of your choice for this reason. You would be able to articulate well in the language you’re comfortable with. Thus you should take full advantage of this provision in your stand and opt for the most suited subject.

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Best Geography Books for UPSC in Hindi: Geography UPSC Syllabus and Book List
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Best Geography Books for UPSC in Hindi: Geography UPSC Syllabus and Book List
Click here to get a detailed account of the geography subject syllabus for UPSC exams and the whole set of recommended book lists, especially for Hindi medium students.
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