Everyone agrees that choosing the optional subject is challenging for the candidates of UPSC. All the consequences must be calculated before choosing a particular optional subject because it decides your performance in the exam.
The UPSC 2022 candidates are given the choice to choose an optional subject from 48 different subjects for their CSE exam. The students can choose Public Administration as an optional subject. This subject will also play a role if you become an IAS officer. This subject is chosen by many toppers. It has a magnificent value for the UPSC aspirants.
This subject is chosen by students who aim to be IPS or IAS officers as it helps them understand the responsibilities well. Like every other optional subject, there will be 2 papers for Public Administration, each of 250 marks that makes it a total of 500 marks. So let’s view the books for Public Administration optional subject to excellently prepare the concepts and fetch maximum scores.
Public Administration Optional Syllabus
The Public Administration optional syllabus for paper 1 is given below.
Meaning, scope, and significance of Public Administration,
Wilson’s vision of Public Administration,
Evolution of the discipline and its present status.
New Public Administration,
Public Choice approach;
Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation, Globalisation;
Good Governance: concept and application;
New Public Management.
#2. Administrative Thought
Scientific Management and Scientific Management movement;
Weber’s bureaucratic model its critique and post-Weberian Developments;
Dynamic Administration (Mary Parker Follett);
Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others);
Functions of the Executive (C.I. Barnard);
Simon’s decision-making theory;
Participative Management (R. Likert, C. Argyris, D. McGregor.)
#3. Administrative Behaviour
Process and techniques of decision-making;
Motivation Theories content,
process and contemporary;
Theories of Leadership:
Traditional and Modem:
Theories systems, contingency;
Structure and forms:
Ministries and Departments,
Boards and Commissions;
Ad hoc, and advisory bodies;
Headquarters and Field relationships;
#5. Accountability and Control
Concepts of accountability and control;
Legislative, Executive and Judicial control over administration;
Citizen and Administration;
Role of media, interest groups, voluntary organizations;
Right to Information;
#6. Administrative Law
Meaning, scope and significance;
Dicey on Administrative law;
#7. Comparative Public Administration
Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems;
Administration and politics in different countries;
Current status of Comparative Public Administration;
Ecology and administration;
Riggsian models and their critique.
#8. Development Dynamics
Concept of development;
Changing profile of development administration;
Bureaucracy and development;
Strong state versus the market debate;
Impact of liberalization on administration in developing countries;
Women and development of the self-help group movement.
#9. Personnel Administration
Importance of human resource development; Recruitment,
discipline, performance appraisal,
promotion, pray and service conditions;
grievance redressal mechanism;
Code of conduct;
#10. Public Policy
Models of policy-making and their critique;
Processes of conceptualization, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review, and their limitations;
State theories and public policy formulation.
#11. Techniques of Administrative Improvement
Organization and methods,
Work-study and work management;
e-governance and information technology;
Management aid tools like network analysis,
MIS, PERT, CPM.
#12. Financial Administration
Monetary and fiscal policies:
Public borrowings and public debt Budgets types and forms;
Financial accountability; Accounts and audit.
Public Administration Optional Syllabus
The Public Administration optional syllabus for paper 2 is given below.
#1. Evolution of Indian Administration
Legacy of British rule in politics and administration Indianization of Public services, revenue administration, district administration, local self Government.
#2. Philosophical and Constitutional framework of Government
Salient features and value premises;
Constitutionalism; Political culture;
Bureaucracy and democracy;
Bureaucracy and development.
#3. Public Sector Undertakings
The public sector in modern India;
Forms of Public Sector Undertakings;
Problems of autonomy, accountability, and control;
Impact of liberalization and privatization.
#4. Union Government and Administration
Executive, Parliament, Judiciary-structure, functions, work processes;
Recent trends; Intra-governmental relations;
Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s Office;
Ministries and Departments;
#5. Plans and Priorities
The machinery of planning;
Role, composition, and functions of the Planning Commission and the National Development Council;
Process of plan formulation at Union and State levels;
Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized planning for economic development and social justice.
#6. State Government and Administration
Union-State administrative, legislative, and financial relations;
Role of the Finance Commission;
Governor; Chief Minister;
Council of Ministers;
Chief Secretary; State Secretariat; Directorates.
#7. District Administration since Independence
Changing role of the Collector;
Imperatives of development management and law and order administration;
District administration and democratic decentralization.
#8. Civil Services
Structure, recruitment, training, and capacity building;
Good governance initiatives;
Code of conduct and discipline;
Staff associations; Political rights;
Grievance redressal mechanism;
Civil service neutrality;
Civil service activism.
#9. Financial Management
Budget as a political instrument;
Parliamentary control of public expenditure;
Role of finance ministry in the monetary and fiscal area;
Role of Controller General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
#10. Administrative Reforms since Independence
Important Committees and Commissions;
Reforms in financial management and human resource development;
Problems of implementation.
#11. Rural Development
Institutions and agencies since Independence;
Rural development programs:
foci and strategies;
Decentralization and Panchayati Raj;
73rd Constitutional amendment.
#12. Urban Local Government
Municipal governance: main features, structures, finance, and problem areas;
74th Constitutional Amendment;
Global-local debate; New localism;
Development dynamics, politics, and administration with special reference to city management.
#13. Law and Order Administration
National Police Commission;
Role of Central and State Agencies including paramilitary forces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and terrorism;
Criminalization of politics and administration;
Police-public relations; Reforms in Police.
#14. Significant issues in Indian Administration
Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions;
National Human Rights Commission;
Problems of administration in coalition regimes;
Citizen administration interface;
Corruption and administration;
Public Administration covers a chunk of the GS papers in the UPSC Mains exam covering a major portion of GS Paper III – Polity and Governance. Choosing this paper as an optional and getting acquainted with the governmental framework where the aspirants might be working in the future, would be a really wise choice.
Public Administration Optional Books
When you are preparing for UPSC prelims or mains, reading is your best friend! What that means is that you have to read content throughout and learn. Relying on videos alone won’t do you any good. You have to read about your subjects and also current affairs.
Books are the major factor because this exam requires maximum knowledge on the subjects, especially the optional subject. You have to choose the best books for your preparation to know about all the concepts in detail. The examiners can ask you the questions from the current happenings related to your optional subject as well. So you should be aware of everything related to your optional subject.
For that, it is recommended that candidates use books for public administration optional subjects. Like already mentioned, your optional paper has a total weightage of 500 marks. So, if you qualify for the preliminary round, you will have to strap up and be ready to get the most out of the 500 marks.
You are required to have a nice grip on your optional subject as you have selected it as per your conviction. Therefore, don’t take it lightly, rather read from the prominent books to fetch authentic information.
Books for Public Administration Optional UPSC
To boost your grades, a list of recommended books is given. Books are the prominent source of learning about all the concepts of the syllabus in detail. The below-written books will help you to get a better understanding of the content and also have challenging questions.
Public Administration Books for Paper 1
#1. Lakshmikant: Public Administration
#2. Mohit Bhattacharya: New horizon of Public Administration
#3. Awasthi and Maheshwari: Public Administration theory and practice Public Administration
#4. Alka and Dhamija: Public Administration
#5. Mohit Bhattacharya: Development Administration.
Public Administration Books for Paper 2
#1. Indian Administration: Rajni Goyal and Arora
#2. Indian Administration: Rumki Basu
#3. IGNOU Material
If you are preparing for UPSC 2022, you must have got all the relevant information about the Public Administration question paper and syllabus through this article. Your UPSC preparation is very tough and stressful. To make it easier, a list of books that will help you understand the content easily is provided.
Books are your friend, and reading is your best friend. The more you read, the more you will learn. Public administration is quite popular among candidates and especially among those that dream of being an IAS officer. The subject may have comparatively less syllabus, but that does not make it any easier. Your hard work should never stop. It is said that Practice makes the human perfect.
If you need guidance over any concept or examination outlook, you must visit UPSC Pathshala. It is the destination for the UPSC aspirants as the experts are there to help you in every thick and thin. So, keep working hard with the best guidance and direction. All the best!