The Council of Europe is a non-governmental organisation that was established in the aftermath of World War II to promote human rights, democracy, and the rule of law in Europe.

It comprises 46 member nations which include all 27 European Union members, a budget of approximately 500 million euros and a population of around 820 million people.

Read the article below to know more about the relations, roles and responsibilities and much more.

Also Read: Practice Question Set for UPSC: Check Out the Questions on Current Affairs for Prelims 2022!

Council of Europe UPSC

The organisation is distinct from the 28-nation European Union, however, it is frequently mistaken for it, partly because they both fly the European flag. The Council of Europe, unlike the European Union, is unable to enact binding legislation.

It encourages collaboration between all European countries in the areas of legal standards, democratic growth, the rule of law, and cultural cooperation, and its work has resulted in standards, charts, and agreements to facilitate cooperation between European countries.

It was founded in 1949 and is completely different from the (EU); yet, certain symbols, such as the flag and the song, are used by the two.

UPSC Preparation Notes

#The European Court of Human Rights enforces the European Convention on Human Rights; the European Pharmacopoeia Commission establishes quality standards for pharmaceutical products in Europe, and the European Pharmacopoeia Commission establishes quality standards for pharmaceutical products in Europe.

#The European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice (CEPEJ) and (v) the Anti-Doping Convention and the Convention Against Spectator Violence-for the promotion of fair sport through these conventions.

UPSC Notes: Members of the Council

There are 47 members of the Council of Europe:  Estonia;  Lithuania; Slovenia; Belgium; Denmark; France; Ireland; Italy;  Luxembourg; Netherlands; Norway; Sweden; Greece; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bosnia Turkey; Iceland; Albania; Moldova; Macedonia; Germany; Austria;  Cyprus; Switzerland; Malta; Portugal; Spain; United Kingdom; Liechtenstein;  San Marino; Finland; Hungary; Poland; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Romania;  Andorra; Latvia; Ukraine;  Russia; Croatia; Georgia and  Serbia; Herzegovina; Monaco and Montenegro.

Also Read: What is the Difference Between CUCET and CUET 2022? Check out the Distinction Between them here!

UPSC Preparation Notes: Why did India Abstain?

India did not support the resolution’s severe language in denouncing Russia’s actions. Because it has key partners and important points on both sides, it aims to maintain a balance between the Western bloc led by Russia and the United States.

At the UN Security Council resolution, India voted no and presented to the United States that Russia’s aggression was strongly against Ukraine, arguing that discussion is the only way to resolve disputes and differences.

Resolution against Russia’s Position on Ukraine

#The United States and Albania presented the resolution, which was co-sponsored by several other countries.

#The Council reiterated its support for Ukraine’s sovereignty, independence, unity, and territorial integrity within internationally recognised borders in its resolution.

#It requested that Russia “withdraw all of its military forces from Ukraine’s territory within internationally recognised borders immediately, totally, and unconditionally.”


#It is the leading human rights organisation on the European continent, with the stated mission of promoting human rights, democracy, and the rule of law throughout Europe.

#The group is distinct from the European Union (EU).

#It was founded in 1949 and is based in Strasbourg, France.

#Objective: To establish greater solidarity among its member countries to conserve and realise their common inheritance of goals and principles, as well as to facilitate their economic and social progress.

#47 countries are members of the organisation (including 27 members of the European Union).

#The United Nations Observer is the Council of Europe.


The relevance of current events in the UPSC test is demonstrated by the fact that they are a required component of the exam. To pass this test, you must have a basic understanding and conceptual clarity of national and international news events.

In the prelims, mains, and interviews, there are many questions about events that were reported in the press, the treaty that was signed, and other diverse dimensions addressing global and national affairs.

Visit UPSC Pathshala for more UPSC subjects.

Also Read: Arctic Council UPSC Topic: Easy Note Making Points on Arctic Council UPSC

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After it invaded Ukraine, Russia's membership in the Council of Europe was suspended. Here are some preparation notes for UPSC for prelims and mains. Click here to note them down.
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