Global Hunger Index is the calculation on a scale of 100 related to the hunger state of a country. It aims to track the hunger of the world and work for it. If you are looking for the complete summary of the Global Hunger Index 2021 UPSC or Global Hunger Index 2021 top country, you will get all the details here. It is a yearly calculated index where all the countries are measured according to their hunger index status.

The overall report of this significant index is calculated and published by Concern Worldwide of Ireland and Welthungerhilfe (a German non-profit organization) in October of every year. There are multiple factors and indicators responsible for the measurement of the hunger index. So, let’s make the most important UPSC notes for the UPSC exam.

Also Read: Fastest Hypersonic Cruise Missile in the World: Must-Know Things for UPSC IAS Preparation

Global Hunger Index 2021 UPSC

The Global Hunger Index measures the country’s status of hunger by the four major indicators. These four prominent points are child wasting, undernourishment, child stunting, and child mortality. It is an annual report calculated on the poverty level of the regional as well as the country areas.

Undernourishment shows the insufficient caloric intake of the population, child wasting shows the underweight of the children as compared to their heights, child stunting shows the lower height average in the children according to their age, and child mortality shows the mortality rate of the children.

All these four fields are considered precisely while calculating a country’s hunger index. This is an important topic for the UPSC exam. You must go through this article thoroughly and make UPSC notes out of it.

Global Hunger Index 2021 Ranking List for India

According to the 2021 reports, India ranks 101 out of 116 countries. The score of India in this index is 27.5. This score is considered by the professionals as a “serious” state of hunger. Well, going ahead note that India has slipped 7 steps from 2020 because, in that year, India’s rank was 94.

Now, you must be thinking about the countries that are ahead of India in the report of this index. Let’s know about them too. India is behind the given countries due to the given ranks:

#. Pakistan – 92

#. Sri Lanka – 65

#. Nepal – 76

#. Bangladesh – 76

India has ranked ahead of 15 countries in the calculation of this index according to the 2021 reports. Furthermore, you must also acknowledge that India has the highest rate of child wasting among the other countries in the index. You must note these significant factors for your examination. Apart from child wasting, India has shown great improvement in the other sections of the index.

Also Read: Constitutional Morality: Check Out the UPSC Notes and Prepare for the UPSC CSE!

UPSC Preparation

Are you doing UPSC preparation? Well, if you are going through this phase, you must be searching for the most important notes. So, let’s grab the informational points related to the hunger index. The salient points of the 2020 hunger index are given below that are equally necessary for your UPSC notes.

#. Worldwide hunger is 18.2 (moderate) down from 2000 level of 28.2 (serious)

#. How many are undernourished?

Answer: Nearly 690 million people

#. How many children are suffering from stunting?

Answer: 144 million children

#. How many children suffer from wasting?  Answer: 47 million

#. What was the child mortality rate in 2018?

Answer: 5.3 million children died before they turned five.

#. Which region has the highest hunger and undernutrition levels?

Answer: Africa (South of Sahara) and South Asia  — Desert Locust, Covid-19 and following economic challenges are factors for food and nutrition insecurity for millions of people but the impact of the pandemic hasn’t been accounted for in the 2020 Global Hunger Index.

#. Which countries show alarming levels of hunger?

Answer: Chad, Timor-Leste, and Madagascar

Also Read: CSTO UPSC: Learn about the History, Objectives, Members and More

India’s Response to Global Hunger Index 2021

Your UPSC exam needs to know the response of the country for the rank given by the index. Before knowing the response, let’s acknowledge India’s rank in the Global Hunger Index in the following years:

2021 GHI:- 101 out of 116

2020 GHI:- 94 out of 107

2019 GHI:- 102 out of 117

2018 GHI:- 103 out of 119

The ministry of women and child development of India has criticized the rank given by the index publishers to India. The government has said that the agencies have not done their “due diligence” to the report before publishing it. The FAO, Food, and Agriculture Organization have given different statuses to the country related to the proportion of the undernourished population.

Moreover, India is behind every other country according to the 2021 report except Afghanistan. Afghanistan is ahead of South Asian countries. The countries that are ahead of India are given below:

#. Nepal

#. Indonesia

#. Bangladesh

#. Pakistan

Also Read: Gig Economy: Important Pointers & Much More for UPSC Notes


Hopefully, this article has given you the potential UPSC notes for your UPSC preparation. If you want to grab more information related to the multiple notes, you can visit the UPSC Pathshala website where all the experts give you the best advice as well as the study material.

You can go through all the articles available on the website and grab maximum information from those articles. You can visit the most effective platform to fetch maximum scores by the examiners in the UPSC exam.

Content Protection by
Global Hunger Index 2021 UPSC: Let's Grab the Knowledge for the UPSC Preparation!
Article Name
Global Hunger Index 2021 UPSC: Let's Grab the Knowledge for the UPSC Preparation!
The information regarding Global Hunger Index 2021 UPSC is given in the article. All you need to do is click here to prepare your UPSC notes for the UPSC exam.
Publisher Name
UPSC Pathshala
Publisher Logo

About the Author

Shruti Rag

Shruti is a creative and enthusiastic content writer along with being a budding journalist. She is a genuine-hearted and exploring girl with a dash of millennial approach. Her love for speaking and writing has made her pursue her bachelor's in journalism and mass communication. She believes in the quote, "if you will never fail in life, you will never rise like a phoenix from its ashes''. She gives strengthening and positive paths to the students by her content. Her interest lies in reading, traveling, and singing. Innovations and realism let you discover your identity. She has faith in wisdom and determination to touch the skies.

View All Articles