Every year in the UPSC IAS exam there are roughly 13-20 questions are asked in UPSC prelims from Indian Polity. This is a very decent bracket for a subject. That is why Polity is very important from the exam point of view. In this article, we will discuss the Polity syllabus for UPSC. Read the article till the end to know all information related to the subject.
Polity Syllabus for UPSC 2021
Let us understand the topics one by one.
- Terms in the Preamble
- 42nd Amendment
- Swaran Singh committee
2. Constitution of India
- Historical Background
- Drafting committee and making scheme of the Constitution
- Influence of other constitutions
- Its salient features
- Union and its Territory (Basic idea about Article 1-4, Federal nature, State reorganization and different Commissions, Recent issues)
- Basic idea about Article 5-11
- PIO, NRI, OCI, and Pravasi Bharatiya Divas
- Citizenship Amendment Act of 2016
- Schemes, new policies, and recent changes in voting.
4. Fundamental Rights
- Basic idea about Article 12-35
- 44th amendment act
- Different types of Writs
- Enforcement and Exceptional cases with regard to FR’s
- Recent issues related to FR
5. Fundamental Duties
- Article 51A
- Difference between FR and FD
- Significance and Criticism
- Enforcement of FD’s
- Recent issues about FD
- Basic idea about Articles related to Role and functions of the Parliament
- Motions, Sessions, Parliamentary procedure – Zero Hour, Summoning, Prorogation, and Joint sitting.
- Parliamentary proceedings like Adjournment Motion, and Question Hour etc.
- Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha,
- Special powers of Rajya Sabha
- Anti-defection law and 10th schedule
- Parliamentary Privileges
- Bill and law-making procedure
- Budget, funds and it is summary
- Parliamentary Committees
- Basic idea about the judiciary.
- Powers of High Court and Supreme court
- Qualification and appointment
- Removal procedure
- Recent controversy, verdicts, and constitutional provisions.
8. Constitutional Bodies
- Election Commission
- Finance Commission
- National Commission for SCs and ST’s,
- Composition, Powers and Functions, Removal of the Constitutional bodies
- Basic idea about Article 52-73
- Qualification and Election of President and vice-president
- Function and Powers of the president- (Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial, Diplomatic, Military and Emergency Powers)
- Prime minister and council of minister
- Resignation and impeachment of the president
- Role and responsibilities of Prime minister, Cabinet ministers, Council of Minister.
- Resignation and Removal of vice president
- Powers and Functions of Council of ministers
- Attorney general
10. Directive Principles of State Policy
- Article 36-51 and Article 368
- Sources and key features of DPSP
- Classification of DPSP
- Comparison or conflicts between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
- Keshavananda Bharathi, Golaknath Case, Minerva Mills, Maneka Gandhi case.
- Important Amendments- 42nd Amendment, 44th Amendment, and 97th amendment
11. Emergency Provisions
- National emergency- Article 352
- President’s rule or State emergency- Article 356
- Financial emergency- Article 360
- 44th amendment act
- Effects and implications of emergency
- Role of President in emergency time
- The State of FR, Lok sabha, and Rajya sabha
- Revoking emergency
12. State Government- State Executive
- Governor- appointment, and special powers.
- Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial powers and discretionary powers of the governor
- 7th constitutional amendment
- Chief Minister and the council of ministers
- Power of chief minister
13. State Legislature
- State legislature compared to the Parliament with regard to powers, composition, and functions.
- Bicameral legislature
- Creation and abolition of the Legislative councils
Indian Polity Books
Best books for polity are:
- Indian Polity by M.Laxmikant
- Our Parliament for Polity by Subhash Kashyap
- Introduction to the Constitution of India for Polity by Durga Das Basu
If you want to make proper Polity notes then you need to have a clear understanding of the syllabus first. M.Laxmikant is the most recommended book to study polity for UPSC. The book is also easy to read. One of the UPSC toppers says every UPSC aspirant should know every corner of M.Laxmikant.
Just by looking at the syllabus, you might find it is vast, but once you start understanding basic concepts. The subject is very easy to memorize and is actually a scoring subject.