The most crucial part of this examination is to learn every concept. You can excel in this paper if you are well aware of the topics. The Indian Polity syllabus for UPSC is given in this article. You should go through the syllabus once and understand the topics precisely.

The preparation of all the concepts depends on the level of your grasp. If you want, you can start preparing from the beginning of the syllabus or you can start with the topics that you are interested in. The preparation will be fruitful when you will prepare by your conviction.

Every year in the UPSC IAS exam there are roughly 13-20 questions asked in UPSC prelims from Indian Polity. This is a very decent bracket for a subject. That is why Polity is very important from the exam point of view. This subject can bring maximum scores to you and can make you a step closer to your dream. In this article, we will discuss the Polity syllabus for UPSC. Read the article till the end to know all information related to the subject.

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Indian Polity Syllabus for UPSC

The UPSC syllabus for Prelims paper is written below. Consider the topics to prepare for the exam. Go through the syllabus precisely and concentrate on the topics that you need to start at the beginning. It is advisable to either start with the topics that you are interested in or with the difficult ones to understand them better. Below is the syllabus of paper-1.

#1. Preamble

Terms in the Preamble

42nd Amendment

Swaran Singh committee

#2. Constitution of India

Historical Background

Drafting committee and making scheme of the Constitution

Influence of other constitutions

Its salient features

Union and its Territory (Basic idea about Article 1-4, Federal nature, State reorganization, and different Commissions, Recent issues)

#3. Citizenship

Basic idea about Article 5-11

PIO, NRI, OCI and Pravasi Bharatiya Divas

Citizenship Amendment Act 2016

Schemes, new policies, and recent changes in voting.

#4. Fundamental Rights

Basic idea about Article 12-35

44th amendment act

Different types of Writs

Enforcement and Exceptional cases about FR’s

Recent issues about FR

#5. Fundamental Duties

Article 51A

Difference between FR and FD

Significance and Criticism

Enforcement of FD’s

Recent issues about FD

#6. Directive Principles of State Policy

Basic idea about Article 36-51 and Article 368

Sources and key features of DPSP

Classification of DPSP

Comparison or conflicts between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles

Keshavananda Bharathi, Golaknath Case, Minerva Mills, Maneka Gandhi case.

Important Amendments- 42nd Amendment, 44th Amendment, and 97th amendment

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#7. Union

Basic idea about Article 52-73

Qualification and Election of the President and vice-president

Function and Powers of the president- (Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial, Diplomatic, Military and Emergency Powers)

Prime minister and council of minister

Resignation and impeachment of president

Role and responsibilities of the Prime minister, Cabinet ministers, Council of Minister.

Resignation and Removal of vice president

Powers and Functions of Council of ministers

Attorney general

#8. Parliament

Basic idea about Articles related to Role and functions of the Parliament

Motions, Sessions, Parliamentary procedure – Zero Hour, Summoning, Prorogation, and Joint sitting.

Parliamentary proceedings like Adjournment Motion, and Question Hour, etc.

Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha,

Special powers of Rajya Sabha

Anti-defection law and 10th schedule

Parliamentary Privileges

Bill and law-making procedure

Budget, funds, and it’s summary

Parliamentary Committees.

#9. Judiciary

Basic idea about the judiciary.

Powers of High Court and Supreme court

Qualification and appointment

Removal procedure

Recent controversy, verdicts, and constitutional provisions.

#10. State Government- State Executive

Governor- appointment, and special powers.

Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial powers and discretionary powers of the governor

7th constitutional amendment

The Chief Minister and the council of ministers

Power of chief minister

#11. State Legislature

State legislature compared to the Parliament about powers, composition, and functions.

Bicameral legislature

Creation and abolition of the Legislative councils

#12. Administration of Special Areas

Basic idea about 5thSchedule and 6th Schedule

Recent problems related to Administration of Special Areas

Special provision for states Article 371

#13. Emergency Provisions

National emergency- Article 352

President’s rule or State emergency- Article 356

Financial emergency- Article 360

44th amendment act

Effects and implications of emergency

Role of President in emergency time

The State of FR, Lok sabha, and Rajya sabha

Revoking emergency

#14. Panchayati Raj and Municipalities

Elections, auditing, powers and authority of panchayats

3 tier structure

73rd Amendment Act and 74th Amendment Act

Relation with FR and DPSP

Schemes introduced

Metropolitan planning committee and urban development


#15. Constitutional Bodies

Election Commission




Finance Commission

National Commission for SCs and ST’s,

Composition, Powers and Functions, Removal of the Constitutional bodies

#16. Current Affairs

Recent issues related to the above-mentioned categories

Important schemes, programs, missions, laws, and policies launched by the government.

Recent Government Bills and Governance- actions

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UPSC Polity Syllabus Paper- II

The UPSC syllabus for Indian Polity Paper-II encompasses different sections that are given below. The polity section syllabus is given here for all the aspirants to view concentratedly so that they can fetch high scores from the examiners. Ensure your potential learning in each of these concepts to be quintessentially perfect. Let’s start the syllabus for Paper-Il.

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice

#. Indian Constitution – historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions, and basic structure

#. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues, and challenges about the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels, and challenges therein

#. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

#. Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions

#. Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges, and issues arising out of these

#. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies

#. Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity

#. Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act

#. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

#. Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies

#. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections

#. Health, Education, Human Resources

Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

#  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to

#. Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability, and institutional and other measures

#. Issues relating to poverty and hunger

#. Role of civil services in a democracy.

Also Read: Indian Economy Syllabus for UPSC 2021: Here’s Everything to Know about the UPSC Syllabus

Indian Polity

The Indian Polity is a very crucial part of the UPSC civil services exam. All the candidates must have information about each of the topics that are included in the syllabus. All the topics give you an understanding of the constitution as well as the system of the nation. Indian polity is considered to be a vital part of the UPSC syllabus whether we talk about the UPSC prelims or the UPSC mains paper. You must know that in the 2020 UPSC prelims exam, 16 questions were asked from the polity section to the candidates.

Therefore, it becomes hugely essential for you to understand the polity topics precisely. When you are well versed and prepared with the syllabus, you not only ace the test but also perform your duties perfectly when you are posted on the authoritative designation. You should make notes to revise them later before the exam.

The notes are also important to let you understand the dates and each incident or constitutional element as we have the bulkiest and lengthiest constitution in the world. If you want to know some tips for preparation, have a glimpse at the points written below.

Polity Preparation Tips

Preparation tips are quite an essential point to know before starting the preparation. This is because everything is not equally important for the examination, you should understand the tips given by the toppers or experts to focus majorly on the areas that are primarily asked in the question paper to do well in the test. Some of the important tips are included in this article. Let’s go through these tips to perform the best.

#1. Read Books

The aspirants preparing for this incredible examination were advised to have a glimpse through the basic books for Polity. These books must include the Indian Polity by M. Laxmikanth as well as the Introduction to Indian Constitution by D.D Basu.

These books are essential to be read by the candidates as they help to develop a deep understanding of the subject in the minds of the candidates. In today’s era, there’s a flood of material for every examination but you should get the best ones to build an understanding of the concepts.

#2. Prefer NCERT

This is a mostly given suggestion to the candidates that they must read the NCERTs to develop the conceptual understanding. The NCERT of Political Science for Classes XI and XII is immensely helpful to make your fundamental concepts strong and never fade. You must purchase these books and start learning from them.

You will find the language easy and comfortable along with the questions at the end that will let you know about your weaknesses and strengths. You can also visit the most authentic online preparation platforms where experts take video lectures to teach the students.

Also Read: UPSC Mains Exam Pattern: Check-Out UPSC Syllabus and UPSC Question Paper Pattern

#3. Newspapers

Well, it is rightly said that newspapers are a solution to almost all the questions of different spheres. The maximum read and preferred newspaper for this paper are “The Hindu“. A lot of questions are asked from the recently announced schemes, policies, announcements, and other information.

This is why you must read the most reliable newspapers to stay updated about the recent happenings and facts. Ensure making short notes from important topics. This would greatly help you to supplement your answers for UPSC Main as well as the interview. Newspapers will prove to be the medicine for your questions in the paper.

#4. Mock Tests

Everyone agrees that the preparation is incomplete without the mock tests because mock tests prepare you to sit in the examination and perform adequately. The candidates must schedule at least 2 mock tests per week. This will enable them to learn about their capabilities and level of preparation. You can perform excellently once you are aware of your abilities.

This activity will also aid your preparation strategy. Apart from these benefits, one more advantage of these tests is that you will be able to make the necessary rectifications in the preparation. You should also solve the sample question papers to be better.

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We hope that through this article we have given valuable content to the aspirants of the UPSC exam. If you want to make proper Polity notes then you need to have a clear understanding of the syllabus first. This article has not only given you the syllabus but also has shifted your mind towards the tips required for this stupendous examination. Talking about the study material, M.Laxmikant is the most recommended book to study polity for UPSC. The book is also easy to read. One of the UPSC toppers says every UPSC aspirant should know every corner of M.Laxmikant. So, if you want to understand the topics in detail to be great at the examination, you should refer to this book.

Just by looking at the syllabus, you might find it is vast, but once you start understanding basic concepts, you will find it convenient to answer the relevant questions. The subject is very easy to memorize and is actually a scoring subject to score maximum marks. If you want to score maximum in the exam, come in contact with the experts and professionals available on the UPSC Pathshala. The experts will make your preparation smooth along with letting you grow exponentially.

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