According to the Central Government of our country, India, there are some citizens of our country who are classified based on their social status and their way of living and by that means, these citizens are termed as people below the poverty line.
These citizens are often termed as people who are classified based on their social as well as their economic status. And they are SEBC residents. By SEBC here, we mean the Socially and Economically Backward Classes. They are also known as the Socially and Economically backward Communities who don’t have the privilege to enjoy things as other normal human beings do.
These citizens are those that exist in our society and are devoid of all the different pleasures that they could have enjoyed otherwise. So, let’s dive deep with us into the ocean of different categories that exist in our society to know more about them.
SEBC Vs OBC
For those who think that SEBC and OBC are two similar things. No, they aren’t. SEBC, also known as the Socially and Economically Backward Classes or Communities is a list presented by the State Government of the country for people belonging to backward sections of the country.
On the other hand, OBC, also known as Other Backward Classes, is a list presented by the Central Government, for candidates belonging to the backward sections of the country.
In the year 1979, significant changes came to being when the Mandal Commission or the SEBC was established. SEBC, also known as the Socially and Economically Backward Classes Commission that was established to help the social and educationally as well as economically backward classes in India.
There are different percentages for the SEBC in different states, like in Maharashtra, the SEBC population extends to over 13%, whereas in Tamil Nadu, this accounts for 20% of the most backward communities of the nation.
According to the Constitution Bill for the year 2019, it was defined that all individuals whose family income or the entire household income is less than 8 lakh per annum are considered to be under the category of the Economically weaker sections of the country.
For these individuals, some reservation has been done by the Government of our country and the Bombay High Court has allowed 13% reservation for education and jobs for the Maratha caste (SEBC).
Caste Certificates are extremely important for all individuals nowadays. These certificates can help an individual in providing the reservation quota in the different government jobs and in order to help an individual get great promotions in the State Government. These certificates are usually given to individuals who belong to the SC or ST categories, i.e., the Scheduled castes and Schedules tribes’ category.
In order to avail of this certificate, one has to submit a few documents to the desired office. These documents are:
#1. Application form
#2. Residence Proof
#3. Copy of birth certificate
#4. Copy of ration card
#5. Copy of Income Certificate
#6. Copy of Voter ID card or Electoral roll
#7. Aadhaar Card
#8. Photograph (Passport Size)
Also Read: Can an Individual with Anxiety Disorders Apply for Civil Services? What is the Eligibility Criteria for UPSC?
SEBC Caste List
Given below is the SEBC caste list of the Socially and Economically Backward Classes in one of the states of our country, i.e., in Karnataka.
Arayas including Valan, Mukkuvan, Mukaya, Mogayan, Arayan, Bovies, Kharvi, Nulayan, and Arayavathi
Arya including Dheevara/Dheevaran Atagara, Devanga, Kaikolan, (Sengunthar) Pattarya, Saliyas (Padmasali, Pattusali, Thogatta, Karanibhakatula, Senapathula, Sali, Sale, Karikalabhakulu, Chaliya) Sourashtra, Khatri, Patnukaran, Illathu Pillai, Illa Vellalar, Illathar
Bhandari or Bhondari
Chakkala (Chakkala Nair)
More Such Different Categories
Ganika including Nagavamsom
Idiga including Settibalija
Kanisu or Kaniyar-Panicker, Kaniyan, Kanisan, Kannian or Kani, Ganaka
Kalarikurup or Kalari Panicker
Kusavan including Kulala, Kumbaran, Odan, Oudan (Donga) Odda (Vodde or Vadde or Veddai) Velaan, Andhra Nair, Anthuru Nair.
Some More Different Categories
Kallan including Isanattu Kallar
Kammalas including Viswakarmala, Karuvan, Kamsalas, Viswakarmas, Pandikammala, Malayal- Kammala, Kannan, Moosari, Kalthachan, Kallasari, Perumkollen, Kollan, Thattan, Pandithattan, Thachan, Asari, Villasan, Vilkurup, Viswabrahmins, Kitara, Chaptegara.
Kelasi or Kalasi Panicker
A Look at Some of the Different Categories
Naicken including Tholuva Naicker and Vettilakkara Naicker
Panniyar or Pannayar
Parkavakulam (Surithiman, Malayaman, Nathaman, Moopanar and Nainar)
Senaithalaivar, Elavania, Senaikudayam
Sadhu Chetty including Telugu Chetty or 24 Manai Telugu Chetty and Wynadan Chetty
Veera Saivas (Pandaram, Vairavi, Vairagi, Yogeeswar, Matapathi and Yogi)
Veluthedathu Nair including Vannathan, Veluthedan and Rajaka
Vilakkithala Nair including Vilakkathalavan, Ambattan Pranopakari, Pandithar and Nusuvan
Vaniya including Vanika, Vanika Vaisya, Vaisya Chetty, Vanibha Chetty, Ayiravar Nagarathar, Vaniyan
Yadava including Kolaya, Ayar, Mayar, Maniyani, Eruman, Golla and Kolaries
Mogers of Kasaragod Taluk
Maratis of Hosdurg Taluk
Paravans of Malabar area excluding Kasaragod Taluk
SEBC as a Category in the UPSC
Oftentimes, it has been seen that there are various questions asked in the UPSC examinations regarding the different varieties of SEBC categories that exist in our society and how they are different from the other categories in our society.
Being a UPSC aspirant, a candidate is required to know all about these categories and to explore this area of the examination as well to excel in their exams and present with answers thereby creating an impression upon the examiner as well as the interviewer.
The above information must have provided you with all the information regarding the SEBC communities and how are they different from the other communities that exist in our society? Hopefully, you must have found this information useful and if you have any more doubts regarding the same, feel free to comment down below and let us know all about it because we’ll be more than happy to help you out through this.
So, what are you waiting for? Go, check out our other blogs to have more such information about the SEBC, OBCs, SCs, STs, as well as the different categories of classes existing in our society.