According to the Central Government of our country, India, there are some citizens of our country who are classified based on their social status and their way of living and by that means, these citizens are termed as people below the poverty line.

These citizens are often termed as people who are classified based on their social as well as their economic status. And they are SEBC residents. By SEBC here, we mean the Socially and Economically Backward Classes. They are also known as the Socially and Economically backward Communities who don’t have the privilege to enjoy things as other normal human beings do.

These citizens are those that exist in our society and are devoid of all the different pleasures that they could have enjoyed otherwise. So, let’s dive deep with us into the ocean of different categories that exist in our society to know more about them.


For those who think that SEBC and OBC are two similar things. No, they aren’t. SEBC, also known as the Socially and Economically Backward Classes or Communities is a list presented by the State Government of the country for people belonging to backward sections of the country.

On the other hand, OBC, also known as Other Backward Classes, is a list presented by the Central Government, for candidates belonging to the backward sections of the country.

SEBC Reservation

In the year 1979, significant changes came to being when the Mandal Commission or the SEBC was established. SEBC, also known as the Socially and Economically Backward Classes Commission that was established to help the social and educationally as well as economically backward classes in India.

There are different percentages for the SEBC in different states, like in Maharashtra, the SEBC population extends to over 13%, whereas in Tamil Nadu, this accounts for 20% of the most backward communities of the nation.

According to the Constitution Bill for the year 2019, it was defined that all individuals whose family income or the entire household income is less than 8 lakh per annum are considered to be under the category of the Economically weaker sections of the country.

For these individuals, some reservation has been done by the Government of our country and the Bombay High Court has allowed 13% reservation for education and jobs for the Maratha caste (SEBC).

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SEBC Certificate

Caste Certificates are extremely important for all individuals nowadays. These certificates can help an individual in providing the reservation quota in the different government jobs and in order to help an individual get great promotions in the State Government. These certificates are usually given to individuals who belong to the SC or ST categories, i.e., the Scheduled castes and Schedules tribes’ category.

In order to avail of this certificate, one has to submit a few documents to the desired office. These documents are:

#1. Application form

#2. Residence Proof

#3. Copy of birth certificate

#4. Copy of ration card

#5. Copy of Income Certificate

#6. Copy of Voter ID card or Electoral roll

#7. Aadhaar Card

#8. Photograph (Passport Size)

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SEBC Caste List

Given below is the SEBC caste list of the Socially and Economically Backward Classes in one of the states of our country, i.e., in Karnataka.

  1. Agasa

  2. Arayas including Valan, Mukkuvan, Mukaya, Mogayan, Arayan, Bovies, Kharvi, Nulayan, and Arayavathi

  3. Aremahrati

  4. Arya including Dheevara/Dheevaran Atagara, Devanga, Kaikolan, (Sengunthar) Pattarya, Saliyas (Padmasali, Pattusali, Thogatta, Karanibhakatula, Senapathula, Sali, Sale, Karikalabhakulu, Chaliya) Sourashtra, Khatri, Patnukaran, Illathu Pillai, Illa Vellalar, Illathar

  5. Bestha

  6. Bhandari or Bhondari

  7. Boya

  8. Boyan

  9. Chavalakkaran

  10. Chakkala (Chakkala Nair)

More Such Different Categories

  1. Devadiga

  2. Ezhavathi (Vathi)

  3. Ezhuthachan, Kadupattan

  4. Gudigara

  5. Galada Konkani

  6. Ganjam Reddies

  7. Gatti

  8. Gowda

  9. Ganika including Nagavamsom

  10. Hegde

  11. Hindu Nadar

  12. Idiga including Settibalija

  13. Jangam

  14. Jogi

  15. Jhetty

  16. Kanisu or Kaniyar-Panicker, Kaniyan, Kanisan, Kannian or Kani, Ganaka

  17. Kudumbi

  18. Kalarikurup or Kalari Panicker

  19. Kerala Muthali

  20. Kusavan including Kulala, Kumbaran, Odan, Oudan (Donga) Odda (Vodde or Vadde or Veddai) Velaan, Andhra Nair, Anthuru Nair.

Some More Different Categories

  1. Kalavanthula

  2. Kallan including Isanattu Kallar

  3. Kabera

  4. Korachas

  5. Kammalas including Viswakarmala, Karuvan, Kamsalas, Viswakarmas, Pandikammala, Malayal- Kammala, Kannan, Moosari, Kalthachan, Kallasari, Perumkollen, Kollan, Thattan, Pandithattan, Thachan, Asari, Villasan, Vilkurup, Viswabrahmins, Kitara, Chaptegara.

  6. Kannadiyans

  7. Kavuthiyan

  8. Kavudiyaru

  9. Kelasi or Kalasi Panicker

  10. Koppala Velamas

  11. Krishnanvaka

  12. Kuruba

  13. Kurumba

  14. Maravan (Maravar)

  15. Madivala

  16. Maruthuvar

  17. Mahratta (Non-Brahman)

  18. Melakudi (Kudiyan)

  19. Mogaveera

  20. Moili

A Look at Some of the Different Categories

  1. Mukhari

  2. Modibanda

  3. Moovari

  4. Moniagar

  5. Naicken including Tholuva Naicker and Vettilakkara Naicker

  6. Padyachi (Villayankuppam)

  7. Palli

  8. Panniyar or Pannayar

  9. Parkavakulam (Surithiman, Malayaman, Nathaman, Moopanar and Nainar)

  10. Rajapuri

  11. Sakravar (Kavathi)

  12. Senaithalaivar, Elavania, Senaikudayam

  13. Sadhu Chetty including Telugu Chetty or 24 Manai Telugu Chetty and Wynadan Chetty

  14. Tholkolan

  15. Thottiyan

  16. Uppara (Sagara)

  17. Ural Goundan

  18. Valaiyan

  19. Vada Balija

  20. Vakkaliga

  21. Vaduvan(Vadugan)

  22. Veera Saivas (Pandaram, Vairavi, Vairagi, Yogeeswar, Matapathi and Yogi)

  23. Veluthedathu Nair including Vannathan, Veluthedan and Rajaka

  24. Vilakkithala Nair including Vilakkathalavan, Ambattan Pranopakari, Pandithar and Nusuvan

  25. Vaniya including Vanika, Vanika Vaisya, Vaisya Chetty, Vanibha Chetty, Ayiravar Nagarathar, Vaniyan

  26. Yadava including Kolaya, Ayar, Mayar, Maniyani, Eruman, Golla and Kolaries

  27. Chakkamar

  28. Mogers of Kasaragod Taluk

  29. Maratis of Hosdurg Taluk

  30. Paravans of Malabar area excluding Kasaragod Taluk

  31. Peruvannan (Varnavar)

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SEBC as a Category in the UPSC

Oftentimes, it has been seen that there are various questions asked in the UPSC examinations regarding the different varieties of SEBC categories that exist in our society and how they are different from the other categories in our society.

Being a UPSC aspirant, a candidate is required to know all about these categories and to explore this area of the examination as well to excel in their exams and present with answers thereby creating an impression upon the examiner as well as the interviewer.


The above information must have provided you with all the information regarding the SEBC communities and how are they different from the other communities that exist in our society? Hopefully, you must have found this information useful and if you have any more doubts regarding the same, feel free to comment down below and let us know all about it because we’ll be more than happy to help you out through this.

So, what are you waiting for? Go, check out our other blogs to have more such information about the SEBC, OBCs, SCs, STs, as well as the different categories of classes existing in our society.

Also Read: Which Optional Subject is the Best for a Software Engineer? Guide to Choose Optional Wisely

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SEBC Caste List: Who are SEBCs in UPSC and How to Avail the Different Certificates?
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SEBC Caste List: Who are SEBCs in UPSC and How to Avail the Different Certificates?
What is SEBC and who are the people belonging to this category? How is SEBC different from OBC? Get the answers to all these different types of questions only by just reading the piece of information given below. Have a look at it.
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About the Author

Sakshi Bachani

Sakshi Bachani is a freelance Content Writer and Teacher. She has completed her Bachelor's degree from Delhi University.. She has been a freelance teacher for the past five years and has worked towards helping young kids achieve their dreams. She had also worked as an Intern teacher with an NGO. Apart from writing and teaching, she really enjoys music, animals, and plants. She even has her own little garden which she loves very dearly and can be sometimes seen buying more plants for herself.

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