You will get Malayalam literature as the optional subject in the UPSC exam. The roots of Malayalam can be traced back to the Dravidian Family. It is used in the parts of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and in Karnataka. It is also used in the administrative part of Pondicherry’s Union Territory Lakshadweep island.

So if you are planning to go for Malayalam as the optional subject then you should know all about the syllabus you need to prepare. In this article, we will acquaint you with the whole UPSC Malayalam optional syllabus and you will also get to know can you write the UPSC exam in Malayalam? Optional Subject consists of 2 papers. Each paper is 250 marks, making a total of 500 marks.

Malayalam Literature Syllabus

The Malayalam optional subject will have 2 papers. Malayalam Paper-1 refers to the following table. Answers for both parts must be written in Malayalam

Also Read: UPSC Gujarati Literature Optional Subject Syllabus: Here’s All You should Know

1. Section A

Unit 1-Early phase of Malayalam Language:
1.1  Various theories: origin from proto Dravidian, Tamil, Sanskrit.
1.2  Relation between Tamil and Malayalam: Six nayas of A.R. Rajaraja Varma.
1.3  Pattu school-definition, Ramacharitam, later Pattu works-Niranam works and Krishnagatha.
Unit 2-Linguistic features of :
2.1   Manipravalam-definition. Language of early manipravalam works-Champu, Sandesha Kavya, Chandrolsavam, minor works. Later Manipravala works-medieval Champu and Attakkatha.
2.2  Folklore-Southern and Northern ballads, Mappila songs.
2.3  Early Malayalam prose-Bhashakautaliyam, Brahmanda Puranam, Attaprakaram, Kramadipika and Nambiantamil.
Unit 3-Standardisation of Malayalam:
3.1  Peculiarities of the language of Pana, Kilippattu and Thullal.
3.2  Contributions of indigenous and European missionaries to Malayalam.
3.3  Characteristics of contemporary Malayalam: Malayalam as the administrative language. Language of scientific and technical literature-media language.

 2. Section- B

Literary History
Unit-4 Ancient and Medieval Literature:
4.1  Pattu-Ramacharitam, Niranam works and Krishnagatha.
4.2  Manipravalam-early and medieval manipravalam works including aattakkatha and champu.
4.3  Folk literature.
4.4  Kilippattu, Thullal and Mahakavya.
Unit 5- Modern Literature-Poetry:
5.1  Venmani poets and contemporaries.
5.2  The advent of Romanticism-Poetry of Kavitraya i.e., Asan, Ulloor and Vallathol
5.3  Poetry after Kavitraya.
5.4  Modernism in Malayalam poetry.
Unit 6- Modern Literature-Prose:
6.1  Drama
6.2  Novel
6.3  Short story
6.4  Biography, travelogue, essay and criticism.

 Part II

Make a note that this part is also written in Malayalam. For this paper, you will need to read the text prescribed, as it is designed to evaluate the candidate’s critical abilities

1. Section A

Unit 1
1.1  Ramacharitam-Pattalam 1.
1.2  Kannassaramayanam-Balakandam first 25 stanzas.
1.3  Unnunilisandesam-Purvabhagam 25 slokas including Prastavana
1.4  Mahabharatham Kilippattu-Bhishma Parvam.
Unit 2
2.1  Kumaran Asan-Chintavisthayaya Sita.
2.2  Vailoppilli-Kutiyozhikkal.
2.3  G. Sankara Kurup-Perunthachan.
2.4  N.V. Krishna Warrier-Vandiyile Pattu.
Unit 3
3.1  ONV -Bhumikkoru Charamagitam
3.2  Ayyappa Panicker-Kurukshetram.
3.3  Akkitham-Pandathe Messanthi
3.4  Attur Ravivarma-Megharupan.

 2. Section B

Unit 4
4.1  O. Chanthu Menon-Indulekha
4.2  Thakazhy-Chemmin.
4.3  O V Vijayan-Khasakkinte Ithihasam.
Unit 5
5.1  MT Vasudevan Nair-Vanaprastham (Collection).
5.2  N S Madhavan-Higuita (Collection).
5.3  C J. Thomas-1128-il Crime 27.
Unit 6
6.1  Kuttikrishna Marar-Bharatha Paryatanam
6.2  M. K Sanu-Nakshatrangalute sneha bhajanam
6.3  V.T. Bhattathirippad-Kannirum Kinavum.

Also Read: IPS Syllabus 2019- Download latest IPS Syllabus PDF


In this article, you will get a clear knowledge about the Malayalam Syllabus for Civil Service Exams. After knowing the syllabus you can start with your preparation for the UPSC optional subject. Make sure that you choose a Malayalam Subject only when you know it thoroughly.

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Malayalam Syllabus for Civil Service Exams: Here’s the Detailed UPSC Syllabus
If you have chosen Malayalam as the optional subject then you need to know about Malayalam Syllabus for Civil Service Exams. Click here to know the full upsc Malayalam optional syllabus.
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