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Answer

Correct Option is Neither 1 nor 2

India borrowed the concept of rule of law from the British Constitution. Rule of law is a legal principle that law should govern a nation, as opposed to being governed by arbitrary decisions of individual government officials. It primarily refers to the influence and authority of law within society, particularly as a constraint upon behaviour, including the behavior of government officials. The doctrine of rule of law has its origin in England and is given by A.V. Dicey which has 3 fundamental principles: Absence of arbitrary power, that is, no man is punished except for a breach of law Equality before the law: equal subjection of all citizens (rich or poor, high or low, official or non-official) to the ordinary law of the land administered by the ordinary law courts The primacy of the rights of the individual, that is, the constitution is the result of the rights of the individual as defined and enforced by courts of law, rather than constitution being the source of the individual rights It is interpreted in Article 14 but it is not explicitly mentioned.

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