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Correct Option is Both 1 and 2

Seats are allotted in degressive proportion to the population of each state or union territory, meaning that smaller states have a slight advantage over more populous states. Certain states even have more representatives than states more populous than them: for example, Tamil Nadu has 18 representatives for 72 million inhabitants (in 2011) whereas Bihar (104 million) and West Bengal (91 million) only have 16. Hence Statement 1 is correct. Representation of Union Territories in Rajya Sabha: Members of Rajya Sabha belonging to Union Territories are indirectly elected by members of an electoral college, that is constituted for this purpose Election Principle used – Proportional Representation by means of Single Transferable Vote. Hence statement 2 is correct.

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