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Correct Option is Special Majority

Article 368 in Part XX of the Constitution deals with the powers of Parliament to amend the Constitution and its procedure 1. It provides for two types of amendments, by a special majority of Parliament and also through the ratification of half of the states by a simple majority. 2. The majority of the provisions in the Constitution need to be amended by a special majority of the Parliament, a majority (that is, more than 50 percent) of the total membership of each House, and a majority of two-thirds of the members of each House present and voting. Total membership means the total number of members comprising the House irrespective of the fact whether there are vacancies or absentees. The special majority is required only for voting at the third reading stage of the bill. The requirement for the special majority has been provided for in the rules of the Houses in respect of all the effective stages of the bill. Hence Option (3) is correct.

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