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Answer

Correct Option is None of the above

Constitution of India provides for its amendment in order to adjust itself to the changing conditions and needs. However, the procedure laid down for its amendment is neither as easy as in Britain nor as difficult as in the USA. Thus the Indian Constitution is neither flexible nor rigid but a synthesis of both. Article 368 in Part XX of the Constitution deals with the powers of Parliament to amend the Constitution and its procedure 1. It provides for two types of amendments, by a special majority of Parliament and also through the ratification of half of the states by a simple majority. 2. An amendment of the Constitution can be initiated only by the introduction of a bill for purpose in either House of Parliament (Lok Sabha & RajyaSabha) and not in the state legislatures. 3. The bill can be introduced either by a minister or by a private member and does not require prior permission of the president. Hence all statements are incorrect.

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