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Answer

Correct Option is 1 and 2

"A PIL may be filed against the state government, central government, municipal authority not any private party. But, private persons may be included in PIL as ‘Respondent’, after concerning state authority. i.e. a private factory in Mumbai which is causing pollution then public interest litigation can be file against the government of Mumbai, state pollution central board including that private factory of Mumbai. The court must be satisfied that the Writ petition fulfills some basic needs for PIL as the letter is addressed by the aggrieved person, public-spirited individual, and a social action group for the enforcement of legal or Constitutional rights to any person who is not able to approach the court for redress. Any citizen can file a public case by filing a petition. Hence statement 3 is incorrect."

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