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Correct Option is 1,2 and 3

The Emergency provisions are contained in Part XVIII of the Constitution, from Articles 352 to 360. These provisions enable the Central government to meet any abnormal situation effectively. The rationality behind the incorporation of these provisions in the Constitution is to safeguard the sovereignty, unity, integrity, and security of the country, the democratic political system, and the Constitution. An Emergency due to the failure of the constitutional machinery in the states (Article 356). This is popularly known as President’s Rule. It is also known by two other names State Emergency or constitutional Emergency. However, the Constitution does not use the word emergency for this situation. Hence all statements are correct.

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