Press Enter

Share with your friends and help them crack UPSC!

Or Share on

Answer

Correct Option is 1, 2, 3 and 4

The term ‘law’ in Article 13 has been given a wide connotation so as to include the following: 1. Permanent laws enacted by the Parliament or the state legislatures; 2. Temporary laws like ordinances issued by the President or the State Governors; 3. Statutory instruments in the nature of delegated legislation (executive legislation) like order, bye-law, rule, regulation or notification; and 4. Non-legislative sources of law, that is, custom or usage having the force of law. - Thus, not only legislation but any of the above can be challenged in the courts as violating a Fundamental Right and hence can be declared as void. - Further, the Supreme Court held in the Kesavananda Bharati case (1973) that a Constitutional amendment can be challenged on the ground that it violates a fundamental right that forms a part of the ‘basic structure’ of the Constitution.

Get access to all of our verified questions