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The Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification, 2018, leads to enhanced activities in the coastal regions, thereby promoting economic growth, while also respecting the conservation principles of the coastal regions. It will not only result in significant employment generation, but also to better life and add value to the economy of India. The new notification is expected to rejuvenate the coastal areas, while reducing their vulnerabilities. Salient Features: Allowing Floor Space Index (FSI) as per the current norms in the CRZ areas: As per CRZ, 2011 Notification, for CRZ-II Urban areas, FSI or the Floor Area Ratio (FAR) had been frozen as per the 1991 Development Control Regulation (DCR) levels. In the CRZ, 2018 Notification, it has been decided to de-freeze the same and permit FSI for construction projects, as prevailing on the date of the new Notification. This will enable re-development of these areas to meet the emerging needs. (ii) Densely populated rural areas to be afforded greater opportunity for development: For CRZ-III Rural areas, two separate categories have now been stipulated as below: (a) CRZ-III A - These are densely populated rural areas with a population density of 2161 per square kilometre as per the 2011 Census. Such areas shall have a No Development Zone (NDZ) of 50 metres from the HTL (High Tide Line) as against 200 metres from the HTL stipulated in the CRZ Notification, the 2011, since such areas have similar characteristics as urban areas. (b) CRZ-III B - Rural areas with population density of below 2161 per square kilometre as per the 2011 Census. Such areas shall continue to have an NDZ of 200 metres from the HTL. (iii) Tourism infrastructure for basic amenities to be promoted: Temporary tourism facilities such as shacks, toilet blocks, change rooms, drinking water facilities, etc. have now been permitted in beaches. Such temporary tourism facilities are also now permissible in the NDZ of the CRZ-III areas, as per the Notification. However, a minimum distance of 10 metres from HTL should be maintained for setting up of such facilities. (iv) CRZ clearances streamlined: The procedure for CRZ clearances has been streamlined. Only such projects/activities, which are located in the CRZ-I (ecologically sensitive areas) and CRZ IV (area covered between Low Tide Line and 12 Nautical Miles seaward) shall be dealt with for CRZ clearance by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. The powers for clearances with respect to CRZ-II and III have been delegated at the State level with necessary guidance. (v) An NDZ of 20 metres has been stipulated for all islands: For islands close to the main land coast and for all backwater islands in the main land, in wake of space limitations and unique geography of such regions, bringing uniformity in treatment of such regions, NDZ of 20 metres has been stipulated. (vi) All Ecologically sensitive areas have been accorded special importance: Specific guidelines related to their conservation and management plans have been drawn up as a part of the CRZ Notification. (vii) Pollution abatement has been accorded special focus: In order to address pollution in the coastal areas, treatment facilities have been made permissible activities in CRZ-I B area, subject to necessary safeguards. (viii) Defence and strategic projects have been accorded necessary dispensation.

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