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Correct Option is 1,2 and 3

All are correct Habeas Corpus: 'to have the body of'. An order issued by the court to a person who has detained another person, to produce the body of the latter before it. Examines the cause and legality of the detention. Set free it detention is found to be illegal. Protection of individuality liberty against detention. It is both against State and Private Citizen and Principle of Locus Standi does not apply. The writ is not issued (a) lawful, (b) contempt of a legislature or a court, (c) detention is by a competent court, (d) outside the jurisdiction of the court. Mandamus: 'we command'. It is a command issued by the court to a public official asking him to perform the official duties that he has failed or refused to perform. Filed only by the aggrieved person (Principle of Locus Standi applies). The writ of mandamus cannot be issued (a) against a private individual or body; (b) to enforce departmental instruction that does not possess statutory force; (c) when the duty is discretionary and not mandatory; (d) to enforce a contractual obligation; (e) against the president, governor, chief justice of a high court acting in a judicial capacity. Prohibition: 'to forbid'. It is issued by a higher court to a lower court or tribunal to prevent the latter from exceeding/usurping its jurisdiction. The writ of prohibition can be issued only against judicial and quasi-judicial authorities. Certiorari: 'to be certified/informed'. It is issued by a higher to a lower court/tribunal either to transfer a case or to squash the order. It is issued on the grounds of an excess of jurisdiction or lack of jurisdiction or error of law. Thus, unlike prohibition, which is only preventive, certiorari is both preventive as well as curative. Till recently, the writ of certiorari could be issued against judicial, quasi-judicial authorities and administrative authorities. Like prohibition, certiorari is also not available against legislative bodies and private individuals or bodies. Quo-warranto: 'by what authority or warrant'. It is issued by the court to enquire into the legality of the claim of a person to a public office, preventing illegal usurpation of public office by a person. The writ can be issued only in case of a substantive public office of a permanent character created by a statue of by the Constitution. It cannot be issued in cases of ministerial office or private office.

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