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Answer

Correct Option is Only 1

Charter Act of 1853 This was the last of the series of Charter Acts passed by the British Parliament between 1793 and 1853. 1. It separated, for the first time, the legislative and executive functions of the Governor-General’s council. It provided for the addition of six new members called legislative councillors to the council. In other words, it established a separate Governor-General’s legislative council which came to be known as the Indian (Central) Legislative Council. This legislative wing of the council functioned as a mini-Parliament, adopting the same procedures as the British Parliament. Thus legislation, for the first time, was treated as a special function of the government, requiring special machinery and special process. Hence statement 1 is correct. 2. Regulating Act of 1773 designated the Governor of Bengal as the Governor-General of Bengal and created an Executive Council of four members to assist him. The first such Governor-General was Lord Warren Hastings. Hence statement 2 is incorrect.

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