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Answer

Correct Option is Only 1

In US, only the powers of the Federal Government are enumerated in the Constitution and the residuary powers are left to the states. The Australian Constitution followed the American pattern of single enumeration of powers. In Canada, on the other hand, there is a double enumeration Federal and Provincial and the residuary powers are vested in the Centre. Hence statement 1 is correct. The Government of India (GoI) Act of 1935 provided for a three-fold enumeration under federal, provincial and concurrent. The present Constitution follows the scheme of this act but with one difference, that is, under this act, the residuary powers were given neither to the federal legislature nor to the provincial legislature but to the governor-general of India. In this respect, India follows the Canadian precedent. Thus statement 2 is not correct.

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