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Answer

Correct Option is 2 and 3

1. Under Article 352, the President can declare a national emergency when the security of India or a part of it is threatened by war or external aggression or armed rebellion. It may be noted that the president can declare a national emergency even before the actual occurrence of war or external aggression or armed rebellion if he is satisfied that there is an imminent danger. Hence statement 1 is incorrect. 2. The Parliament becomes empowered to make laws on any subject mentioned in the State List. Although the legislative power of a state legislature is not suspended, it becomes subject to the overriding power of the Parliament. The laws made by Parliament on State subjects during a National Emergency become inoperative six months after the emergency has ceased to operate. The President can issue ordinances on the state subjects also if the Parliament is not in session. Hence statement 2 is correct. 3. Article 365 says that whenever a state fails to comply with or to give effect to any direction from the Centre, it will be lawful for the president to hold that a situation has arisen in which the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the constitution. Hence statement 3 is correct.

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