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Answer

Correct Option is Only 1

Parliament under Article 368 can amend any part of the Constitution including the Fundamental Rights but without affecting the ‘basic structure’ of the Constitution. Hence statement 1 is correct. Parliament cannot abridge or take away a Fundamental Right that forms a part of the ‘basic structure’ of the Constitution like 1.Freedom and dignity of the individual 2.Equality of status and opportunity of an individual 3.Secularism and freedom of conscience and religion 4.Principle of equality 5.Principles (or essence) underlying fundamental rights 6.Powers of the Supreme Court under Article 32 7.Freedom and dignity of the individual Thus all fundamental rights are not part of the basic structure. Hence statement 2 is incorrect.

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