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During the Second World War, the British government, under the viceroyalty of Lord Linlithgow had said that any move towards an Indian statehood would be possible only if the Indian National Congress (INC) and the Muslim League resolve their differences. The League was increasingly demanding a separate nation of Pakistan for the Muslims whereas the INC was against the partitioning of the country. To break this deadlock between the two major political parties in India, C Rajagopalachari, INC member who was close to Mahatma Gandhi, proposed a set of plans called the C R Formula or Rajaji Formula. This was the first acknowledgement by a Congressman about the inevitability of the partition of the country and a tacit acceptance of Pakistan. Proposals The Muslim League would join hands with the INC to demand independence from the British. Both parties would cooperate and form a provisional government at the centre. After the war, a commission would be entrusted with the task of demarcating those areas with an absolute majority of Muslims and a plebiscite to be held in those areas where all the inhabitants (Muslims and non-Muslims) would vote on the basis of adult suffrage whether to form a separate sovereign nation or not. In case of partition, joint agreements to be made for the safeguarding of defence, communications and commerce. The above terms to come to fruition only if Britain transfers full powers to India.

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