Press Enter

Share with your friends and help them crack UPSC!

Or Share on

Answer

Correct Option is Both 1 and 2

Starting with the anti-defection amendment (52nd amendment), this period saw a series of amendments in spite of the political turbulence. Apart from the anti-defection amendments (52nd and 91st), these amendments include the amendment bringing down the minimum age for voting from 21 to 18 years, the 73rd and the 74th amendments, etc. Earlier, a ‘defection’ by one-third of the elected members of a political party was considered a ‘merger’. The 91st Constitutional Amendment Act, 2003, changed this. So now at least two-thirds of the members of a party have to be in favor of a “merger” for it to have validity in the eyes of the law. The 91st Amendment also makes it mandatory for all those switching political sides – whether singly or in groups – to resign their legislative membership. They now have to seek re-election if they defect. Hence both statements are correct.

Get access to all of our verified questions