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Answer

Correct Option is Only 1

Citizens are full members of the Indian State and owe allegiance to it. They enjoy all civil and political rights. Aliens, on the other hand, are the citizens of some other state and hence, do not enjoy all the civil and political rights. They are of two categories Friendly aliens are the subjects of those countries that have cordial relations with India. Enemy aliens are the subjects of that country that is at war with India. Citizenship of India can be acquired in the following ways 1.Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution 2.Citizenship by birth 3.Citizenship by descent 4.Citizenship by registration 5.Citizenship by naturalization 6.By incorporation of territory (by the Government of India) Constitution does not deal with the problem of acquisition or loss of citizenship subsequent to its commencement. It empowers the Parliament to enact a law to provide for such matters and any other matter relating to citizenship which has enacted Citizenship Act, 1955. Originally, the Citizenship Act (1955) also provided for Commonwealth Citizenship. This provision was repealed by the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003. Hence statement 1 is correct and statement 2 is incorrect.

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