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Answer

Correct Option is 1 and 2

44th amendment of the Constitution This act was enacted by the Janata Government mainly to nullify some of the amendments made by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976. It made wide-scale changes to the Indian Constitution to make the Indian polity more democratic 1. Empowered the president to send back once the advice of the cabinet for reconsideration. But, the reconsidered advice is to be binding on the president. 2. Fundamental Rights Guaranteed by Articles 20 and 21 cannot be suspended during a national emergency. 3. It replaced the word-internal disturbance with armed rebellion. It made the president declare a national emergency only on the written recommendation of the cabinet. The duration of the national emergency should not be extended more than 6 months at a time. Hence statement 1 and 2 is correct. 42nd Amendment Act, 1976 Added Fundamental Duties by the citizens (new Part IV A). Hence statement 3 is incorrect.

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