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Answer

Correct Option is Only 2

Government of India Act of 1919 1. It relaxed the central control over the provinces by demarcating and separating the central and provincial subjects. The central and provincial legislatures were authorised to make laws on their respective list of subjects. 2. It divided the provincial subjects into two parts—transferred and reserved. (a)Transferred subjects were to be administered by the governor with the aid of ministers responsible to the Legislative Council. (b)Reserved subjects were to be administered by the governor and his executive council without being responsible to the Legislative Council. This dual scheme of governance was known as ‘dyarchy’—a term which means the double rule. However, this experiment was largely unsuccessful. Hence statement 1 is not correct. 3. It introduced for the first time, bicameralism and direct elections in the country. The Indian Legislative Council was replaced by a bicameral legislature consisting of an Upper House (Council of State) and a Lower House (Legislative Assembly). The majority of members of both the Houses were chosen by direct election. Hence statement 2 is correct and statement 3 is not correct.

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