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Answer

Correct Option is None of the above

• In 1902, Raleigh Commission was set up to go into the conditions of the universities in India, and to suggest measures for improvement in their constitution and working. • The Commission precluded from reporting on primary or secondary education. • Based on its recommendations, the Indian Universities Act was passed in 1904. • As per the Act (i) The universities were to give more attention to study and research; (ii) The number of fellows of a university and their period in office was reduced and most fellows were to be nominated by the government; (iii) The government was to have powers to veto universities' senate regulations and could amend these regulations or pass regulations on its own; (iv) The conditions were to be made stricter for the affiliation of private colleges; and (iv) Five lakh rupees were to be sanctioned per annum for five years for improvement of higher education and universities. • Curzon justified greater control over the universities in the name of quality and efficiency, but actually sought to restrict education and to discipline the educated towards loyalty to the government. • The nationalists saw in it, an attempt to strengthen imperialism and to sabotage nationalist feelings. • Gokhale called it a ‘retrograde measure’.

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