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Answer

Correct Option is Only 1

The National Commission for SCs and STs came into being consequent upon the passing of the 65th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1990. National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (STs) is a constitutional body in the sense that it is directly established by Article 338-A of the Constitution. Ministry of Tribal Affairs was created to provide a sharp focus on the welfare and development of the STs. It coordinates all activities relating to the STs as it would not be administratively feasible for the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment to perform this role. Hence statement 1 is incorrect and statement 2 is correct.

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