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Answer

Correct Option is 1 and 2

The commission is the watchdog of human rights in the country, that is, the rights relating to life, liberty, equality, and dignity of individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the international covenants and enforceable by courts in India. The National Human Rights Commission is statutory. It was established in 1993 under a legislation enacted by the Parliament, namely, the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. The chairman and members are appointed by the president. Amendments made in the 2019 Act that a person who has been a Judge of the Supreme Court is also made eligible to be appointed as Chairperson of the Commission in addition to the person who has been the Chief Justice of India; to increase the Members of the Commission from two to three of which, one shall be a woman; to include Chairperson of the National Commission for Backward Classes, Chairperson of the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights and the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities as deemed Members of the Commission; to reduce the term of the Chairperson and Members of the Commission and the State Commissions from five to three years and shall be eligible for re-appointment; to provide that a person who has been a Judge of a High Court is also made eligible to be appointed as Chairperson of the State Commission in addition to the person who has been the Chief Justice of the High Court; and, To confer upon State Commissions, the functions relating to human rights being discharged by the Union territories, other than the Union territory of Delhi, this will be dealt with by the Commission. Hence statement 1 and 2 are incorrect and statement 3 is correct.

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