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Answer

Correct Option is Only 3

The Emergency provisions are contained in Part XVIII of the Constitution, from Articles 352 to 360. Article 356 (President’s Rule) 1. It can be proclaimed when the government of a state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution due to reasons which may not have any connection with war, external aggression, or armed rebellion. 2. The Parliament can delegate the power to make laws for the state to the President or to any other authority specified by him. So far, the practice has been for the president to make laws for the state in consultation with the members of Parliament from that state. Such laws are known as the President’s Acts. Hence statements 1 and 2 are incorrect. 3. During its operation, the state executive is dismissed and the state legislature is either suspended or dissolved. The president administers the state through the governor and the Parliament makes laws for the state. In brief, the executive and legislative powers of the state are assumed by the Centre. 4. The maximum period prescribed for its operation is three years. After which it must come to an end and the normal constitutional machinery must be restored in the state. Hence statement 3 is correct.

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