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Answer

Correct Option is Both 1 and 2

The Congress government undertook certain other measures of social reform and welfare, such as: 1. Prohibition was introduced in selected areas in different states. 2. Measures for the advancement of untouchables or Harijans (children of God), as Gandhiji called them, including the passing of laws enabled Harijans to enter temples and to get free access to public offices, public sources of water, such as wells and ponds, roads, means of transport, hospitals, educational and other similar institutions, maintained out of public funds, and restaurants and hotels. 3. Moreover, no court or public authority was to recognize any custom or usage, which imposed any civil disability on the Harijans. 4. The number of scholarships and freeships for Harijan students was increased. Efforts were made to increase the number of Harijans in police and other government services. 5. The Congress Ministries paid a lot of attention to primary, technical and higher education, and public health and sanitation. Education for girls and Harijans was expanded. In particular, the Ministries introduced basic education with an emphasis on manual and productive work. Mass literacy campaigns among adults were organized. 6. Support and subsidies were given to khadi, spinning and village industries. 7. Schemes of prison reforms were taken up. 8. The Congress Governments removed impediments in the path of indigenous industrial expansion and, in fact, actively attempted to promote several modern industrial ventures, such as automobile manufacture. The Congress Government also joined the effort to develop planning through the National Planning Committee, appointed in 1938, by the Congress President Subhas Bose.

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